Earls of Panmure (1646)
1st Earl of Panmure, Patrick Maule, b.1585, a.1646, d.1661
The Maule family traced its roots back to the town of Maule
in Normandy, and
a scion of that family, Peter de Maule,
came over with William the Conqueror. His son Robert became associated
with David of Huntingdon, later King David I of Scotland, and from then on the
family features often in Scottish history, most often as soldiers. Peter Maule
was Lord High Chamberlain to William the Lion and obtained the lands of Panmure
in Forfarshire. Patrick Maule accompanied James VI & I to England in 1603
and was Lord of the Bedchamber to both him and Charles I. In 1639 he purchased
the lordship of Brechin and Navar from the Earl of Mar. He was of necessity a
Royalist during the Civil Wars, and in 1646 was created 1st Earl of
Panmure and 1st Lord Brechin and Navar. He remained with Charles
during the King’s captivity and was fined substantially by the Commonwealth. An
old man by then, he took no part in the events preceding the Restoration.
2nd Earl of Panmure, George Maule, b.1619, a.1661, d.1671
Son of the 1st Earl and Frances Stanhope (b.?, d.1623-1624).
3rd Earl of Panmure, George Maule, b.1650, a.1671, d.1686
Son of the 2nd Earl and ? Campbell, daughter of John
Campbell, 1st Earl of Loudoun. He was a
Privy Counsellor to Charles II and James II.
4th Earl of Panmure, James Maule, b.1658, a.1686, d.1723
Younger brother of the 3rd Earl. He was a supporter of James
II in the Scottish Convention, and when that King was replaced by William and
Mary, he walked out. When the Earl of Mar raised the Jacobite standard in
rebellion, the Maule family were obliged to take part, and he commanded a
regiment at the Battle of Sheriffmuir. When the rebellion failed, he was
attainted and left to join the Prince in Europe.
He had married Lady Margaret Hamilton (b.1668, d.1731), daughter of Sir William
Douglas-Hamilton, 1st Earl of Selkirk.
After his death, she and his younger brother Harry Maule (b.?, d.1731) tried to
halt the sale of the Panmure estates, but failed, although they obtained leases
of two of the principal properties. Harry’s son William Maule (b.?, d.1782),
who had reached the rank of General, become an MP for Forfar in 1735 and was
created 1st Earl of Panmure in the Peerage of Ireland, managed to
purchase the estates from the ailing bank that owned them. When he died, all
the Panmure estates passed by marriage via his sister Jean Maule (b.?, d.1769)
to the Earls of Dalhousie. On the death of George
Ramsay, 8th Earl of Dalhousie, the estates went to William Ramsay,
his second son, who changed his surname to Maule. He became an MP for
Forfarshire and was created 1st Baron Panmure of Brechin and Navar
in the Peerage of the United
Kingdom in 1831. His son Fox Maule (named
after the prominent Whig politician) became 11th Earl of Dalhousie,
but died without children and that earldom, and all the Maule estates, reverted
to another branch of the Ramsay family, with the UK barony becoming extinct.
(Last updated: 02/09/2009)