Useless Information

 

British Postcode Geographic Areas :

 

Code

Derived From

other / related areas

AB

Aberdeen

+Inverurie, Peterhead

AL

St. Albans

+Welwyn Garden City, Harpenden

B

Birmingham

+Bromsgrove, Tamworth, Halesowen, Solihull, West Bromwich, Sutton Coldfield

BA

Bath

+Shepton Mallet, Wells, Glastonbury, Trowbridge, Yeovil

BB

Blackburn

+Accrington, Nelson, Burnley, Clitheroe

BD

Bradford

+Shipley, Keighley

BH

Bournemouth

+Poole, Christchurch

BL

Bolton

+Bury

BN

Brighton

+Hove, Newhaven, Worthing, Littlehampton, Arundel, Eastbourne, Hailsham

BR

Bromley

+Orpington

BS

Bristol

+Weston-super-mare

BT

Belfast

Northern Ireland

CA

Carlisle

+Penrith, Workington, Whitehaven

CB

Cambridge

+Newmarket, Ely, Saffron Walden

CF

Cardiff

+Caerphilly, Penarth, Bridgend, Maesteg, Treorchy, Pontypridd, Mountain Ash

CH

Chester

+Flint, Deeside, Wallasey, Wirral, Birkenhead

CM

Chelmsford

+Braintree, Bishop's Stortford, Billericay, Brentwood, Epping

CO

Colchester

+Harwich, Sudbury, Clacton-on-sea

CR

Croydon

 

CT

Canterbury

+Folkstone, Margate, Whitstable, Dover, Ramsgate

CV

Coventry

+Rugby, Stratford-upon-Avon, Nuneaton, Leamington Spa

CW

Crewe

+Nantwich, Sandbach, Northwich

DA

Dartford

+Bexleyheath, Sidcup, Gravesend

DD

Dundee

+Arbroath, Montrose, Forfar

DE

Derby

+Burton-on-Trent, Matlock, Bakewell, Ripley, Swadlincote

DG

Dumfries & Galloway

 

DH

Durham

+Chester-le-street

DL

Darlington

+Catterick, Northallerton, Bishop Auckland

DN

Doncaster

+Scunthorpe, Grimsby, Cleethorpes

DT

Dorset

Dorchester, Bridport, Weymouth, Blandford Forum

DY

Dudley

+Stourbridge, Kidderminster

E

London East

 

EC

London East Central

 

EH

Edinburgh

+Dalkeith, Penicuik, Tranent, Livingston, Broxburn, Linlithgow, Musselburgh, Bathgate, Peebles

EN

Enfield

+Potter's Bar

EX

Exeter

+Dawlish, Barnstaple, Okehampton, Ilfracombe, Bideford

FK

Falkirk

+Stirling, Grangemouth, Alloa

FY

Fylde

Blackpool, Lytham-St-Anne's

G

Glasgow

+Clydebank, Dumbarton, Helensburgh, Vale of Leven, East Kilbride

GL

Gloucester

+Stroud, Cirencester, Lydney, Cheltenham

GU

Guildford

+Godalming, Woking, Aldershot, Farnborough

GY

Guernsey

 

HA

Harrow

+Edgware, Pinner, Ruislip, Wembley

HD

Huddersfield

+Brighouse, Holmfirth

HG

Harrogate

+Ripon

HP

Hemel Hempstead

+High Wycombe, Aylesbury

HR

Hereford

+Leominster, Ross-on-Wye

HS

Hebrides

 

HU

Hull

 

HX

Halifax

 

IG

Ilford

Ilford, Chigwell, Barking

IM

Isle of Man

 

IP

Ipswich

+Felixtowe, Bury St. Edmunds

IV

Inverness

+Dingwall, Elgin

JE

Jersey

 

KA

Kilmarnock

+Ayr, Irvine, Cumnock, Troon, Prestwick, Saltcoats

KT

Kingston-upon-Thames

+New Malden, Surbiton, Esher, Weybridge, Epsom, Leatherhead

KW

Kirkwall

+Wick, Thurso

KY

Kirkcaldy

+Glenrothes, Cupar, Dunfermline, St. Andrews

L

Liverpool

 

LA

Lancaster

+Kendal, Barrow, Morecambe

LD

 

Brecon

LE

Leicester

+Loughborough, Hinckley, Melton Mowbray, Ashby-de-la-Zouch

LL

Llandudno

+Wrexham, Rhyl, Colwyn Bay, Llangefni, Bangor, Pwllheli, Caernarfon

LN

Lincoln

 

LS

Leeds

+Ilkley, Otley, Wetherby

LU

Luton

+Dunstable, Leighton Buzzard

M

Manchester

+Sale

ME

Maidstone

+Rochester, Chatham, Gillingham

MK

Milton Keynes

+Bedford, Newport Pagnell

ML

Motherwell

+Wishaw, Hamilton, Coatbridge, Airdrie

N

London North

 

NE

Newcastle-upon-Tyne

+Blaydon, Wallsend, North Shields, South Shields, Whitley Bay, Jarrow, Hexham, Alnwick, Morpeth

NG

Nottingham

+Mansfield, Grantham

NN

Northampton

+Rushden, Kettering, Corby, Daventry, Wellingborough

NP

Newport

+Pontypool, Cwmbran, Tredegar, Ebbw Vale, Abertillery

NR

Norwich

+Great Yarmouth, Lowestoft

NW

London North West

 

OL

Oldham

+Rochdale, Ashton-under-Lyne, Todmorden

OX

Oxford

+Abingdon, Banbury, Chipping Norton, Witney, Didcot

PA

Paisley

+Renfrew, Johnstone, Erskine, Inverclyde, Greenock, Port Glasgow, Oban, Dunoon

PE

Peterborough

+Wisbech, Boston, Huntingdon, King's Lynn, St Neots, Skegness

PH

Perth

+Blairgowrie, Fort William

PL

Plymouth

+Bodmin, St. Austell

PO

Portsmouth

+Havant, Waterlooville, Gosport, Chichester, Bognor Regis, Isle of Wight

PR

Preston

+Leyland, Chorley, Southport

RG

Reading

+Newbury, Henley-on-Thames, Bracknell, Basingstoke

RH

Redhill

+Dorking, Reigate, Crawley, East Grinstead

RM

Romford

+Dagenham, Grays

S

Sheffield

+Worksop, Barnsley, Chesterfield, Rotherham

SA

Swansea

+Neath, Port Talbot, Haverfordwest, Milford Haven, Llanelli

SE

London South East

 

SG

Stevenage

+Hitchin, Hertford, Biggleswade

SK

Stockport

+Cheadle, Macclesfield, Hyde, Hazel Grove, Stalybridge, Buxton, Bramhall, Wilmslow

SL

Slough

+Windsor, Ascot, Maidenhead

SM

 

Sutton, Morden, Banstead

SN

Swindon

+Chippenham, Devizes, Marlborough

SO

Southampton

+Winchester, Romsey

SP

Salisbury Plain

Salisbury, Andover

SR

Sunderland

 

SS

Southend-on-sea

+Canvey Island, Benfleet, Basildon

ST

Stoke-on-Trent

+Leek, Stafford, Uttoxeter

SW

London South West

 

SY

Shrewsbury

+Ludlow, Oswestry, Welshpool, Aberystwyth

TA

Taunton

+Minehead

TD

Tweed-dale

Galashiels, Hawick, Berwick

TF

Telford

 

TN

Tunbridge Wells

+Sevenoaks, Romney, Hastings, Bexhill-on-sea

TQ

Torquay

+Dartmouth, Totnes

TR

Truro

+Penzance, Camborne, Redruth, St. Ives, Launceston, Newquay, Falmouth

TS

Tees-side

Middlesborough, Redcar, Stockton-on-tees, Hartlepool

TW

Twickenham

+Brentford, Hounslow, Isleworth, Richmond, Teddington, Staines

UB

Uxbridge

+Southall, Hayes, Northolt,

W

London West

 

WA

Warrington

+Widnes, St. Helens, Altrincham, Knutsford

WC

London West Central

 

WD

Watford

+Borehamwood,

WF

Wakefield

+Ossett, Dewsbury, Batley

WN

Wigan

+Leigh, Skelmersdale

WR

Worcester

+Malvern, Evesham, Droitwich

WS

Walsall

+Wednesbury, Cannock

WV

Wolverhampton

+Bilston

YO

York

+Scarborough, Bridlington

ZE

Zeeland

Shetland

 

 

North American Sports Franchises (current only) :

 

City

NFL

NBA

MLB

NHL

Anaheim

 

 

 

Ducks

Arlington

 

 

(Texas) Rangers

 

Atlanta

Falcons

Hawks

Braves

Thrashers

Baltimore

Ravens

 

Orioles

 

Boston

 

Celtics

Red Sox

Bruins

Buffalo

Bills

 

 

Sabres

Calgary

 

 

 

Flames

Charlotte

(Carolina) Panthers

Bobcats

 

 

Chicago

Bears

Bulls

Cubs,

White Sox

Blackhawks

Cincinnati

Bengals

 

Reds

 

Cleveland

Browns

Cavaliers

Indians

 

Columbus

 

 

 

Blue Jackets

Dallas

Cowboys

Mavericks

 

Stars

Denver

Broncos

Nuggets

(Colorado) Rockies

(Colorado) Avalanche

Detroit

Lions

Pistons

Tigers

Red Wings

Edmonton

 

 

 

Oilers

Foxboro

(New England) Patriots

 

 

 

Green Bay

Packers

 

 

 

Houston

Texans

Rockets

Astros

 

Indianapolis

Colts

(Indiana) Pacers

 

 

Jacksonville

Jaguars

 

 

 

Kansas City

Chiefs

 

Royals

 

Los Angeles

 

Clippers,

Lakers

Dodgers, Angels

Kings

Memphis

 

Grizzlies

 

 

Miami

Dolphins

Heat

(Florida) Marlins

 

Milwaukee

 

Bucks

Brewers

 

Minneapolis

(Minnesota) Vikings

(Minnesota) Timberwolves

(Minnesota) Twins

 

Montreal

 

 

 

Canadiens

Nashville

(Tennessee) Titans

 

 

Predators

New Jersey

(New York) Giants

Nets

 

Devils

New Orleans

Saints

Hornets

 

 

New York

Jets

Knicks

Yankees,

Mets

Rangers,

Islanders

Oakland

Raiders

(Golden State) Warriors

Athletics

 

Oklahoma City

 

Thunder

 

 

Orlando

 

Magic

 

 

Ottawa

 

 

 

Senators

Philadelphia

Eagles

Sixers

Phillies

Flyers

Phoenix

(Arizona) Cardinals

Suns

(Arizona) Diamondbacks

Coyotes

Pittsburgh

Steelers

 

Pirates

Penguins

Portland

 

Blazers

 

 

Raleigh

 

 

 

(Carolina) Hurricanes

Sacramento

 

Kings

 

 

Salt Lake City

 

(Utah) Jazz

 

 

San Antonio

 

Spurs

 

 

San Diego

Chargers

 

Padres

 

San Francisco

49ers

 

Giants

 

San Jose

 

 

 

Sharks

Seattle

Seahawks

 

Mariners

 

St Louis

Rams

 

Cardinals

Blues

St Paul

 

 

 

(Minnesota) Wild

Sunrise

 

 

 

(Florida) Panthers

Tampa Bay

Buccaneers

 

Rays

Lightning

Toronto

 

Raptors

Blue Jays

Maple Leafs

Vancouver

 

Grizzlies

 

Canucks

Washington

Redskins

Wizards

Nationals

Capitals

 

 

British Armed Forces Ranks :

 

Grade

NATO grade

Army

Navy

Air Force

N1

OR1

Private

(RA Gunner)

Ordinary Seaman

Aircraftman

N1.5

OR2

 

Able Seaman

Leading Aircraftman

 

OR3

 

 

Senior Aircraftman

N2

OR4

Lance Corporal

(RA Lance Bombardier)

 

 

N3

OR5

Corporal

(RA Bombadier)

Leading Seaman

Corporal

N4

OR6

Sergeant

Petty Officer

Sergeant

N5

OR7

Staff Sergeant

(old - Colour Sergeant)

Chief Petty Officer

Junior Warrant Officer

(old - Flight Sergeant)

N6

OR8

Warrant Officer 2nd Class

(old - Sergeant Major)

 

 

N7

OR9

Warrant Officer 1st Class

(old - Regimental Sergeant Major)

Warrant Officer

Master Warrant Officer

C0.5

 

 

Midshipman

 

C1

 

Second Lieutenant

(old - Ensign, Cornet)

 

Pilot Officer

C1.5

 

 

Sub-lieutenant

 

C2

 

First Lieutenant

 

Flying Officer

C3

 

Captain

Lieutenant

Flight Lieutenant

C4

 

Major

Lieutenant Commander

Squadron Leader

C5

 

Lieutenant Colonel

Commander

Wing Commander

C6

 

Colonel

Captain

Group Captain

C7

 

Brigadier General

Commodore

Air Commodore

C8

 

Major General

Rear Admiral

Air Vice Marshall

C9

 

Lieutenant General

Vice Admiral

Air Marshall

C10

 

General

Admiral

Air Chief Marshall

C11

 

Field Marshall

Admiral of the Fleet

Marshall of the RAF

C12

 

Chief of General Staff

First Sea Lord

Chief of Air Staff

 

 

Chances of winning the lottery :

 

What are the chances of matching k numbers out of n numbers from a set of m numbers ?

 

The number of combinations of k from n

 

Multiplied by

 

The number of combinations of n-k from m-n

 

divided by

 

The number of combinations of n from m

 

In closed form, this can be represented as nCk * m-nCn-k / mCn

 

where xCy = x! / [y! (x-y)!], x choose y

 

where x! = factorial x, the product of all integers from 1 to x.

 

 

Poker odds :

 

The total number of unordered combinations of 5 cards from a 52 card set is 52C5 = (52*51*50*49*48) / (5*4*3*2*1) = 2598960. To obtain the odds for each winning hand, we count the number of possible hands and divide it by this figure. We can count by considering suits (4) in combination with values Ace to King (13).

 

Royal Flush: we simply have 4 possible suits, so the odds are 4 / 2598960 = 0.000001539

 

Straight Flush: we can have one of 4 possible suits, starting with 1 (Ace) up to 9 (flush starting with 10 is a Royal Flush so is not counted), so the odds are 36 / 2598960 = 0.00001385

 

Four of a Kind: the four can have one of 13 values, with the fifth card being any one of the 48 other cards. The fifth card can alternatively be considered to be any one of 12 values of 4 suits. Either way, we have 13*48 = 624 / 2598960 = 0.000240096

 

Full House: the triple can have one of 13 values, with any 3 from 4 suits (4C3 = 4) , and the pair can have one of 12 remaining values, with any 2 from 4 suits (4C2 = 6). This gives 13*4*12*6 = 3744 / 2598960 = 0.001440576

 

Flush: we can have one of 4 possible suits and any 5 from 13 values (13C5 = 1287), excepting straight flushes (of which there are 40), so the odd are 4*1287 − 40 = 5108 / 2598060 = 0.0019654

 

Straight: we can have one of 10 possible starting values, with each card of any suit (45), excepting straight flushes, so the odds are 10*45 − 40 = 10200 / 2598960 = 0.003924647

 

Three of a Kind: the three can have one of 13 values, with any 3 from 4 suits, the fourth card can be any one of 48 with different value, the fifth card can be any one of 44 with different value again, dividing by 2 to disregard order. Alternatively, the fourth and fifth cards can be viewed as any 2 from 12 values, of any suit. Either way we have 13*4*12*11*42 / 2 = 54912 / 2598960 = 0.02112845

 

Two Pair: we can have one of 13 values for first pair, any 2 from 4 suits, any one of 12 values for second pair, also any 2 of 4 suits, dividing by 2 to disregard order of pairs, and the fifth card can be any of remaining 44 cards (11 values, 4 suits). The odds are then 13*6*12*6*44 / 2 = 123552 / 2598960 = 0.047539

 

Pair: we can have one of 13 values for the pair, any 2 from 4 suits. He other cards must all have different values, so any from 48, then 44, then 40, divided by 3! = 6 to disregard order. Alternatively, the other cards can be considered any 3 from 12 values, of any suit. Either way we have 13*6*12*11*10*43 / 6 = 1098240 / 2598960 = 0.422569

 

No hand: the sum of the above subtracted from the total is 2598960 − 1296420 = 1302540 / 2598960 = 0.5011774. Alternatively, we can consider any 5 different values from 13 values, excepting the 10 straights, each card of any suit, excepting the 4 flushes, to get (13C5 − 10)*(45 − 4) = 1277*1020 = 1302540, as expected.

 

Ace High: Given that the first card is an Ace, we require any 4 from 12 values excepting straights that would create 5-card straights with an Ace, of which there are 2 (considering Ace High or Ace Low). Each of the 5 cards can be of any suit, excepting the 4 flushes, as above. The odds are therefore (12C4 − 2)*(45 − 4) = 493*1020 = 502860 / 2598960 = 0.193485, which is a surprisingly high percentage of all no hands.

 

The method for Ace High can be used for lower High-card hands, as follows

 

King High = (11C4 − 1)*(45 − 4) = 329*1020 = 335580 as there are 11 lower cards

Queen High = (10C4 − 1)*(45 − 4) = 209*1020 = 213180

Jack High = (9C4 − 1)*(45 − 4) = 125*1020 = 127500

Ten High = (8C4 − 1)*(45 − 4) = 69*1020 = 70380

Nine High = (7C4 − 1)*(45 − 4) = 34*1020 = 34680

Eight High = (6C4 − 1)*(45 − 4) = 14*1020 = 14280

Seven High = (5C4 − 1)*(45 − 4) = 4*1020 = 4080

 

The numbers 493, 329, 209, 125, 69, 34, 14 & 4 add up to the 1277 combinations allowed in a No-hand, so Six High is impossible by exclusion. On the other hand, Six High is logically impossible anyway since the only set of four different values all less than a six creates a straight, which is also ruled out.

 

Note that High-card hands are all individually less likely than a Pair, though they add up to just over 50% of all 5-card hands.

 

Prefixes for metric measurements :

 

power of 10

prefix

24

yotta

21

zetta

18

exa

15

peta

12

tera

9

giga

6

mega

3

kilo

-3

milli

-6

micro

-9

nano

-12

pico

-15

femto

-18

atto

-21

zepto

-24

yocto

 

The Angel Heirarchy:

 

Angels of the First Level:

 

Seraphim

Cherubim

Throne

 

Angels of the Second Level

 

Dominion

Powers

Virtues

 

Angels of the Third Level

 

Principalities

Archangels

Angels