Earls of Southesk (1633)


1st Earl of Southesk, David Carnegie, b.1575, a.1633, d.1658


The Carnegies were a well established family from Carmyllie in Angus, the principal branch of which occupied the lands of the South Esk River. When the main branch died out the chieftaincy of the clan was acquired by the Carnegies of Kinnaird, a town near Brechin. David Carnegie, 8th Laird of Kinnaird, was the grandson of Sir Robert Carnegie of Kinnaird (b.?, d.1565-1566), who was a Lord of Session, and the son of the prominent politician and Privy Counsellor David Carnegie of Panbride & Colluthie (b.?, d.1598) and Eupheme Wemyss (b.?, d.1593), daughter of Sir John Wemyss of Wemyss (ancestor of the earls of Wemyss). He was created 1st Lord Carnegie of Kinnaird in 1616 and joined the Privy Council as a Lord of Session and was one of the Commissioners that ratified the Five Articles of Perth in 1618. He was an Extraordinary Lord of Session from 1625 to 1628, and in 1633 he was created 1st Earl of Southesk and 1st Lord Carnegie of Kinnaird and Leuchars. He was a member of the Committee of Estates in 1645, 1648 and 1651 and in 1646 he obtained the hereditary Sheriffdom of Forfarshire. He was fined during Cromwell’s Act of Grace and Pardon in 1654. His eldest son, also David Carnegie, Master of Carnegie (b.?, d.1633) having died add had daughters, the titles were passed to his second son. The 1st Earl’s younger brother John Carnegie was created 1st Earl of Northesk in 1662, the two titles originating from the neighbouring rivers in Angus.


2nd Earl of Southesk, James Carnegie, b.?, a.1657-1568, d.1669


Son of the 1st Earl and Margaret Lindsay (b.?, d.1614), daughter of Sir David Lindsay, Lord Edzell (b.?, d.1610), a Scottish Law Lord and himself son of David Lindsay, 9th Earl of Crawford. A Royalist like his father, he attended Charles II in exile in Holland. He fought and was captured by the English at the Battle of Preston in 1648 but escaped the following year. He was made a Privy Counsellor in 1660. Later that year he accidentally killed William Gray, Master of Gray, while fencing, although some say it was a duel.


3rd Earl of Southesk, Robert Carnegie, b.? a.1669, d.1688


Son of the 2nd Earl and Lady Isabel Ker (b.?, d.1650), daughter of Sir Robert Ker, 1st Earl of Roxburghe. He fought in the Scots Guards in France in 1659, gaining the rank of Captain. He was Sheriff of Forfarshire, on his own or jointly with his son, from 1660 to his death. He was made a Privy Counsellor in 1681.


4th Earl of Southesk, Charles Carnegie, b.1661, a.1688, d.1699


Son of the 3rd Earl and Lady Anne Hamilton (b.1639-1649, d.1695), daughter of William Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Hamilton. He was made a Privy Counsellor in 1688.


5th Earl of Southesk, James Carnegie, b.1692, a.1699, d.1730


Son of the 4th Earl and Lady Mary Maitland, daughter of Charles Maitland, 3rd Earl of Lauderdale. He was a Jacobite and was attainted in 1716 following the failure of the Jacobite Rebellion. The line of inheritance now fell to the Baronets Carnegie of Pitcarrow.



Baronets Carnegie of Pitcarrow (1663)


1st Baronet Carnegie, David Carnegie, b.b.1674, a.1662-1663, d.1708


Grandson of David Carnegie, 1st Earl of Southesk, and son of Sir Alexander Carnegie (b.?, d.1681-1682) and Margaret Arbuthnott (b.?, d.1701), daughter of Sir Robert Arbuthnott of that Ilk. He was an MP for Kincardineshire from 1667 to 1674 with one short gap and was created 1st Baronet Carnegie of Pitcarrow, in the County of Kincardine, in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia in 1663. In 1690 he raised a militia to counter rebellious Highlanders in Kincardineshire and in reprisal his lands were ravaged. He claimed for compensation but received nothing.


2nd Baronet Carnegie, John Carnegie, b.1673, a.1708, d.1729


Son of the 1st Baronet and Catherine Primrose, daughter of Sir Archibald Primrose, 1st Baronet Primrose of Carrington, and sister of Archibald Primrose, 1st Earl of Rosebery.


3rd Baronet Carnegie, James Carnegie, b.c.1715, a.1729, d.1765


Son of the 2nd Baronet and Mary Burnett (b.?, d.1754), daughter of Sir Thomas Burnett, 3rd Baronet Burnett of Leys in the County of Kincardineshire. In contrast to the 5th Earl of Southesk, Baronet Carnegie served in the British Army at Fontenoy and fought for King George II during the Jacobite Rebellion of 1745, and was at the Battle of Culloden on the Royalist side in 1746. He was also MP for Kincardineshire from 1741 until his death, and purchased the forfeited estates of the attainted earl in 1764. He was posthumously granted the title of 6th Earl of Southesk de jure.


4th Baronet Carnegie, David Carnegie, b.1753, a.1765, d.1805


Son of the 3rd Baronet and Christian Doig (b.c.1729, d.1820). He was educated at Eton, the University of St Andrews and Christ Church College Oxford, and then served an MP for the Aberdeen Burghs (Arbroath, Brechin and Montrose) from 1784 to 1790 and for Forfarshire from 1796 until his death. He sold the estates of Pitcarrow to his uncle and reconstructed the castle at Kinnaird.


5th Baronet Carnegie, James Carnegie, b.1799, a.1805, d.1849


Son of the 4th Baronet and Agnes Murray Elliot (b.c.1764, d.1860), a descendant of Sir Gilbert Elliot, 2nd Baronet Elliot of Minto. He was educated at Eton and then went on the Grand Tour of Europe, during which he met his future wife. He was an MP for the Aberdeen Burghs from 1830 to 1831. In 1847 he claimed the forfeited titles of Earl of Southesk and Lord Carnegie but died before any decision was made.


6th Baronet Carnegie, James Carnegie, b.1827, a.1849, d.1905


Son of the 5th Baronet and Charlotte Lysons (b.?, d.1848). Born in Edinburgh, and educated at Sandhurst, he was commissioned in 1845 into the 92nd Foot Regiment. He reached the rank of Lieutenant in the Grenadier Guards and was Lord-Lieutenant of Kincardineshire from 1849 to 1856. In 1855 he obtained a reversal of the attainder of the 5th Earl, allowing him to succeed as 9th Earl of Southesk, with his immediate predecessors as Baronet considered de jure 6th to 8th Earls.



Earls of Southesk (1633, continued)


9th Earl of Southesk, James Carnegie, b.1827, a.1849, d.1905


In 1869 he was invested as a Knight of the Thistle and created 1st Baron Balinhard of Farnell in the County of Forfar, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.


10th Earl of Southesk, Charles Noel Carnegie, b.1854, a.1905, d.1941


Son of the 9th Earl and Lady Catherine Hamilton Noel (b.1829, d.1855), daughter of Sir Charles Noel, 1st Earl of Gainsborough. He was a Lieutenant-Colonel in the Forfar and Kincardine Artillery and later made Honorary Colonel of that Regiment.


11th Earl of Southesk, Charles Alexander Carnegie, b.1893, a.1941, d.1992


Son of the 10th Earl and Ethel Mary Elizabeth Bannerman, daughter of Sir Alexander Bannerman, 9th Baronet Bannerman of Elsick in the County of Kincardineshire. Educated at Eton and the Royal Military College at Sandhurst, he gained the rank of Major in the Officers Reserves, Scots Guards, and was Aide-de-Camp to the Viceroy of India from 1917 to 1919. In 1926 he was invested as a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO). He married Princess Maud of Fife, younger sister of Alexandra, Duchess of Fife, and their son James Carnegie succeeded his aunt as 3rd Duke of Fife in 1959.



The courtesy title for the heir, prior to the elevation to the dukedom, was Lord Carnegie.


For a continuation of this line please consult the Fife page.


(Last updated: 08/06/2011)


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