Baronets Campbell of Glenorchy (1625)

 

1st Baronet Campbell, Duncan Campbell, b.c.1550, a.1625, d.1631

 

The Campbells of Breadalbane are descended from Sir Duncan Campbell, 1st Lord Campbell (for whom see the earls of Argyll) and his second wife Margaret Stewart, who was a daughter of King Robert IIIís youngest son Sir John Stewart of Ardgowan and Blackhall. Their first son Sir Colin Campbell (b.c.1406, d.c.1475), was granted the lands of Glenorchy and built Kilchurn Castle. He married four times but the mother of his heir was his second wife Janet Stewart, daughter of John Stewart, 2nd Lord Lorn. Their son Duncan Campbell (b.?, d.1513) married Margaret Douglas, daughter of George Douglas, 4th Earl of Angus. Their son Colin Campbell (b.?, d.1523) married Marjory Stewart (b.?, d.1524), daughter of John Stewart, 1st Earl of Atholl. Their third son Colin Campbell (b.?, d.1583) married secondly Catherine Ruthven, daughter of William Ruthven, 2nd Lord Ruthven (for whom see the earls of Gowrie), and their son was created 1st Baronet Campbell of Glenorchy, in the county of Perth. Duncan Campbell was part of the conspiracy of Catholic lords to murder the young Archibald Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll. Although they failed to killed him, they were successful in murdering his guardian John Campbell of Cawdor.Campbell avoided implication by submitting a written denial and implicating other senior nobles who were then keen to avoid the inconvenience of a trial. Campbell, known as Black Duncan, appears to have been an unscrupulous individual, although successful in improving the estates under his command. Charles I granted him the Hereditary Sheriffdom of Perthshire.

 

2nd Baronet Campbell, Colin Campbell, b.c.1577, a.1631, d.1640

 

Son of the 1st Baronet and Lady Jean Stewart (b.?, d.1593), daughter of John Stewart, 4th Earl of Atholl. He was a cultured man who commissioned the painter George Jameson to paint a series of family portraits for the renovated family seat of Balloch Castle. He married Juliana Campbell, daughter of Sir Hugh Campbell, 1st Lord Campbell of Loudoun (for whom see the earls of Loudoun), but had no children.

 

3rd Baronet Campbell, Robert Campbel,l, b.c.1579, a.1640, d.a.1657

 

Younger brother of the 2nd Baronet. He represented Argyllshire as an MP. He was a Covenanter and his lands were substantially damaged by Montrose in 1645.

 

4th Baronet Campbell, John Campbell, b.c.1615, a.a.1647, d.1686

 

Son of the 3rd Baronet and Isabel Mackintosh, daughter of Sir Lachlan Mackintosh of Dunnachton, Captain of Clan Chattan.

 

5th Baronet Campbell, John Campbell, b.c.1635, a.1677, d.1717

 

Son of the 4th Baronet and Lady Mary Graham (b?, d.1653), daughter of William Graham, 7th Earl of Menteith. A colourful and totally unscupulous character, he took part in the Glencairn uprising of 1654, and was a supporter of the Restoration of the monarchy under Charles II, persuading General Monck to declare a free Parliament to allow the necessary voting to take place. He then served as a Member of Parliament for Argyllshire from 1669 to 1674. In 1672 he obtained the lands and property of the earldom of Caithness on the death of its incumbent George Sinclair, 6th Earl, who had been heavily in debt to him. He later married the earlís widow and led a contingent of armed men to oust the Sinclair family from their domains, styling himself Earl of Caithness and Viscount of Breadalbane. However, in 1681 Parliament confirmed another George Sinclair as the rightful heir and Campbell had to surrender the title. As a compromise, he was created 1st Earl of Breadalbane & Holland (the second title taken from his first wifeís fatherís title of Earl of Holland in the Peerage of England), 1st Viscount of Tay & Paintland and 1st Lord Glenurchy, Benederaloch, Ormelie & Weick, with special provision to allow him to chose his own heir from the sons of his first wife.

 

Earls of Breadalbane & Holland (1681)

 

1st Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, John Campbell, b.c.1635, a.1681, d.1717

 

An astute and able man, Breadalbane was able to play at politics, and although nominally a Presbyterian, he also pretended sympathy to the Jacobite cause. With equanimity, he accepted honours from the Stewart Kings, becoming a Privy Counsellor under James II in 1685, but without demur switched sides at the Revolution and was Lord of the Treasury from 1692 to 1696 under William and Mary. During this time he was implicated in the Massacre of Glencoe, having had direct responsibility for negotiating peace with the unruly Jacobite clans and a personal issue with the Macdonalds. He was briefly imprisoned in 1695 following the Commissioner of Enquiry findings into the massacre, although for supposed Jacobite leanings rather than for having anything to do with the killings himself. He did not vote for the Union in 1707 but served as a Representative Peer from 1713 to 1715. He would also have been investigated for supplying men to the failed 1715 uprising if he had not died soon after.

 

2nd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, John Campbell, b.1662, a.1717, d.1752

 

Son of the 1st Earl and Lady Mary Rich (b.?, d.1666), daughter of Sir Henry Rich, 1st Earl of Holland. He succeeded despite having an older brother, Duncan Campbell, Lord Ormelie (b.c.1660, d.1727). Lord Ormelie was deliberately disinherited by their father on the grounds of incapacity in order to ensure that his involvement in the 1715 Uprising could not be used to deprive the family of their titles and estates. John Campbell was Lord-Lieutenant of Perthshire between 1725 and 1752, and a Representative Peer between 1736 and 1747.

 

3rd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, John Campbell, b.1695-1696, a.1752, d.1782

 

Son of the 2nd Earl and Henrietta Villiers (b.?, d.1719-1720), who was related to the Dukes of Buckingham on her fatherís side and the Earls of Suffolk on her motherís side. Educated at Chist Church College Oxford, he became a career diplomat, and was an envoy to Denmark between 1720 and 1730, and Ambassador to the Russian Empire in 1931. He was invested as a Knight of the Bath in 1725 and was a Whig MP for Saltash from 1727 to 1741 and for Oxford from 1741 to 1746 and Lord of the Admiralty from 1741 to 1742. He was a Representative Peer from 1752 to 1768, Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland from 1765 to 1766, and he was made a Privy Counsellor in 1766. He was Vice-Admiral of Scotland from 1776 to his death. He outlived all his male children, none of whom had children of their own, and the heir-male was a distant cousin. His daughter Lady Jemima Campbell (b.1723, d.1797) by his first wife Lady Amabel de Grey (b.1698, d.1726-1727), herself a daughter of Henry de Grey, 1st & last Duke of Kent, inherited the title of Marquess Grey that had been created for the Duke with specific remainder to his grand-daughter, and also the title of Baron Lucas of Crudwell. She married Philip Yorke, 2nd Earl of Hardwicke, and though her titles and his both became extinct, her elder daughter Annabelle Yorke (b.1751, d.1833) was created 1st Countess de Grey of Wrest, a title that passed on her death to the sons of her younger sister Lady Mary Jemima Yorke (b.1757, d.1830), the younger of whom. Frederick John Robinson (b.1782, d.1859), was created 1st Earl of Ripon in 1833. His son was later raised as 1st Marquess of Ripon, consolidating several various family titles in one person.

 

4th Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, John Campbell, b.1762, a.1782, d.1834

 

Great-grandson of Colin Campbell of Mochaster (b.1616, d.1668), the younger brother of the 4th Baronet Campbell of Glenorchy mentioned above and Margaret Menzies, daughter of Sir Alexander Menzies of that Ilk, grandson of Robert Campbell of Borland (b.1660, d.1704) and Janet Campbell, daughter of Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, and son of Colin Campbell of Carwhin (b.1704, d.1772) and Elizabeth Campbell, daughter of Archibald Campbell of Stonefield. Educated at Winchester College, he was a Representative Peer from 1784 to 1806 and was also made a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1784. He reached the rank fo Lieutenant-Colonel in 1795, serving with a regiment of fencibles he raised himself, and was promoted to Colonel in 1802. In 1806 he was created 1st Baron Breadalbane, of Taymouth Castle, in the county of Perth, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. He reached the ranks of Major-General in 1809 and Lieutenant-General in 1814. In 1831 he was created 1st Marquess of Breadalbane and 1st Earl of Ormelie in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.

 

 

Marquesses of Breadalbane (1831)

 

1st Marquess of Breadalbane, John Campbell, b.1762, a.1831, d.1834

 

Although not interested in politics, he made extensive efforts to improve his estates, including substantial development at Taymouth.

 

2nd Marquess of Breadalbane, John Campbell, b.1796, a.1834, d.1862

 

Son of the 1st Marquess and Mary Turner Gavin (b.b.1778, d.1845). Another career diplomat, he was educated at Eton and then served as an MP for Okehampton from 1820 to 1826, most Scottish nobles using English constituencies to gain access to Parliament, and then for Perthshire from 1832 to 1834. He was for a time Grand Master of the Freemasons in Scotland and he was Lord-Lieutenant of Argyllshire from 1839 to 1862. He was made a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1834 and a Knight of the Thistle in 1838, and was Governor of the Bank of Scotland between 1861 and 1862. He was also invested as a Knight of the Order of the Black Eagle of Prussia. He was made a Privy Counsellor in 1848 and was Lord Chamberlain of the Household from 1848 to 1858. He married Lady Elizabeth Baillie, sister to George Baillie-Hamilton, 10th Earl of Haddington, but he died without issue and the UK honours obtained by his father became extinct.

 

 

Earls of Breadalbane and Holland (1681, continued)

 

6th Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, John Alexander Gavin Campbell, b.1824, a.1862, d.1871

 

A direct descendant six generations down, of William Campbell of Glenfalloch (b.c.1621, d.1648), another son of the 3rd Baronet Campbell of Glenorchy mentioned above. He married Jean Campbell, daughter of Colin Campbell of Ardkinglas. Their son Robert Campbell (b.1647, d.?) married Susanne Menzies. Their son Colin Campbell (b.c.1680, d.1737) married Agnes Campbell, daughter of Robert Campbell of Auchlyne. Their son William Campbell (b.1715, d.1791) married secondly Susanna Campbell (b.?, d.c.1793). Their son James Campbell (b.1754, d.1806) married Elizabeth Maria Blanchard (b.?, d.1828). Their son Lieutenant-Colonel William John Lamb Campbell (b.1788, d.1850) married Rosanna Doughty, and their son succeeded as heir-male, decided in his favour by the House of Lords in 1872 after his claim had been disputed by various other candidates.

 

7th Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, Gavin Campbell, b.1851, a.1871, d.1922

 

Son of the 6th Earl and Mary Theresa Edwards (b.?, d.1870). Born in Ireland and educated in St Andrews, he served as a Lieutenant in the 4th Battalion, Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders. After his fatherís death he was created 1st Baron Breadalbane, of Kenmure, in the county of Perth, in the Peerage of the united Kingdom. He was a Lord-in-Waiting to Queen Victoria from 1873 under William Gladstoneís administration until the Liberalís were voted out the following year. With their return to power in 1880, he was made a Privy Counsellor and held the post of Treasurer of the Queenís Household until 1885.. In 1885, he was created 1st Marquess of Breadalbane and 1st Earl of Ormelie in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. He was Lord Steward of the Household from 1892 to 1895 and Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland from 1893 and 1895. He was invested as a Knight of the Garter in 1894 and was Lord-Lieutenant of Argyllshire from 1914 to 1922. He was also the last Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland, a post he held from 1907 to 1922. He never married and his UK title became extinct at his death.

 

8th Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, Iain Edward Herbert Campbell, b.1885, a.1922, d.1923

 

Nephew of the 7th Earl, being the son of Ivan Campbell (b.1859, d.1917) and Lady Margaret Elizabeth Diana Agar (b.1863, d.1941), daughter of James Charles Herbert Walpole Ellis Agar, 3rd Earl of Normanton. Unfortunately he died young and unmarried.

 

9th Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, Charles William Campbell, b.1889, a.1923, d.1959

 

We have already come across James Campbell (b.1754, d.1806), grandfather of the 7th Earl. His younger brother John Campbell of Borland (b.1763, d.1823) married Janet Butter and had two sons, the elder of whom, Charles William Campbell (b.1789, d.1861) married Charlotte Olympia Cockburn Campbell (b.?, d.1880), daughter of John Campbell of Kinloch, and had three sons. The second of these, Major-General Charles William Campbell (b.1836, d.1894) married Gwynedd Brinckman (b.?, d.1948), a grand-daughter of Sir Theodore Henry Lavington Brinckman, 1st Baronet Broadhead of St Leonards, Windsor, and their son succeeded as heir-male. He was a soldier, gaining the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in the 8th Battalion, Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders, and was decorated with the Military Cross. He was a Representative Peer from 1924 to 1959 and was admitted to the Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms in 1935 and the Royal Company of Archers in 1937.

 

10th Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, John Romer Boreland Campbell, b.1919, a.1959, d.1995

 

Son of the 9th Earl and Armorer Romer Williams (b.?, d.1987). Educated at Eton and RMC Sandhurst, he reached the rank of Lieutenant in the Black Watch, fought in the Second World War and was invalided. He divorced his wife and did not have any children. With his death, all of his titles became dormant. A number of very distantly related individuals are in the course of petitioning to inherit, though the heir-male appears to be one Huba Campbell (b.1945), another descendant of John Campbell mentioned above, who is Hungarian by birth.

 

 

The courtesy title for the heir is Lord Glenorchy.

 

(last updated: 01/03/2012)

 

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