Lords Ruthven (1487-1488)
1st Lord Ruthven, William Ruthven, b.?, a.1487-1488, d.1528
The name of Ruthven is taken from lands in Rannoch, Perthshire and the family is descended from the Norseman Sweyn, Lord of Crawford in the 12th Century. origin. William Ruthven was Hereditary Sheriff of Perthshire and sat in Parliament as a feudal baron. He fought on the side of James III at the Battle of Sauchieburn, against the rebel lords, and it was probably shortly prior to this that he was created 1st Lord Ruthven. He was made a Privy Counsellor in 1513, and became one of the Guardians of the young James IV.
2nd Lord Ruthven, William Ruthven, b.c.1510, a.1528, d.1552
Grandson of the 1st Lord and Isabel Livingston, and son of
William Ruthven, Master of Ruthven (b.b.1480, d.1513) and Catherine Buttergask.
He became a Privy Counsellor in 1542 and Lord Privy Seal in 1546, and was an
early proponent of Protestantism. His father died at
3rd Lord Ruthven, Patrick Ruthven, b.?, a.1552, d.1566
Son of the 2nd Lord and Janet Halyburton, Lady Dirletoun
(b.?, d.c.1560), daughter of Patrick Halyburton, 5th Lord Dirletoun. He became 7th Lord Dirletoun on
his mother’s death. He was a Privy Counsellor, and held the post of Lord Warden
of the Middle March. He was a supporter of the Reformation and took part in
many of the skirmishes between the factions at the time. He was the ringleader
in the assassination of Rizzio, rising from his sickbed to lead the murderers
into the Queen’s chambers. He fled to
4th Lord Ruthven, William Ruthven, b.1541, a.1566, d.1584
Son of the 3rd Lord and Janet Douglas, daughter of Archibald
Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus. He initially
Earls of Gowrie (1581)
1st Earl of Gowrie, William Ruthven, b.1541, a.1581, d.1584
In 1582, having taken sides against the new Regent Arran,
he led the Raid of Ruthven, kidnapping James VI from Perth, and holding him
captive for a year at Ruthven Castle. After the King was rescued, Ruthven
pleaded for forgiveness and was pardoned, but when
2nd Earl of Gowrie, James Ruthven, b.1575, a.1586, d.c.1588
Son of the 1st Earl and Dorothea Stewart, daughter of Henry Stewart, 1st Lord Methven (for whom see the Avandale page). The attainder of 1584, abolishing the titles of William Ruthven, was reversed in 1586, allowing James to succeed his father.
3rd Earl of Gowrie, John Ruthven, b.1577, a.1588, d.1600
Younger brother of the 2nd Earl. He was educated at the
Lords Ruthven of Freeland (1651)
1st Lord Ruthven, Thomas Ruthven, b.?, a.1651, d.1671
Thomas Ruthven was great-grandson of William Ruthven, 2nd Lord Ruthven, mentioned above, grandson of that individual’s youngest son Alexander Ruthven (b.?, d.1599) and Elizabeth Moncrieffe, daughter of William Moncrieffe of that Ilk, and son of William Ruthven and Isabella Fotheringham. He served as an MP for Perthshire and was made a Privy Counsellor in 1643. Although an anti-Royalist, he was made 1st Lord Ruthven of Freeland by Charles I, perhaps as a bribe for his support.
2nd Lord Ruthven, David Ruthven, b.?, a.1671, d.1701
Son of the 1st Lord and Isabel Balfour, daughter of Robert Balfour, 2nd Lord Balfour of Burleigh. In 1674, knowing he would have no heirs, he entailed his estates to his sisters, in precedence from the youngest. He was Lord of the Privy Council in 1689.
3rd Lord (Lady) Ruthven, Jean Ruthven, b.?, a.1701, d.1722
Younger sister of the 2nd Lord.
4th Lord (Lady) Ruthven, Isabel Ruthven, b.?, a.1722, d.1732
Niece of the 3rd Lady Ruthven, and daughter of Elizabeth Ruthven (b.?, d.b.1674) and Sir Francis Ruthven, 1st Baronet Ruthven of Redcastle (a descendant of William Ruthven, 1st Lord Ruthven).
5th Lord Ruthven, James Ruthven, b.?, a.1732, d.1783
Son of the 4th Lady Ruthven and Colonel James Ruthven of Graitney (formerly James Johnstone). He was baptised as James Johnstone, but both he and his father changed their surname.
6th Lord Ruthven, James Ruthven, b.1733, a.1783, d.1789
Son of the 5th Lord and Janet Nisbet.
7th Lord Ruthven, James Ruthven, b.1777, a.1789, d.1853
Son of the 6th Lord and Mary Elizabeth Melville (b.?, d.1820), daughter of David Melville, 8th Earl of Leven. He reached the rank of Major in the 90th Foot Regiment. He married but had no children.
8th Lord (Lady) Ruthven, Mary Elizabeth Thornton Ruthven, b.c.1784, a.1853, d.1864
Younger sister of the 7th Lord.
9th Lord Ruthven, Walter James Hore-Ruthven, b.1838, a.1864, d.1921
Grandson of the 8th Lady and Walter Hore-Ruthven (b.1784,
d.1878), and son of William Hore (b.?, d.1847) and Dells Honoria Lowen
(b.c.1819, d.1883). He obtained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in the Rifle
Brigade and fought in the Crimean War and the First World War, even though he
was in his seventies during the latter conflict. He was made King’s Messenger
and decorated as Grand Officer of the Crown of Belgium in 1915. In 1919, he was
created 1st Baron Ruthven of Gowrie in the Peerage if the
10th Lord Ruthven, Walter Patrick Hore-Ruthven, b.1870, a.1921, d.1956
Son of the 9th Lord and Lady Caroline Annesley Gore (b.1848,
d.1914), daughter of Sir Philip Yorke Gore, 4th Earl of Arran and
11th Lord (Lady) Ruthven, Bridget Helen Hore-Ruthven, b.1896, a.1956, d.1982
Daughter of the 10th Lord and Jean Leslie Lampson (b.1877,
d.1952). She was made a Commander of the
12th Lord Ruthven, Charles James Ruthven Howard, b.1923, a.1982, d.1994
Son of the 11th Lady and the 11th Earl of
13th Lord Ruthven, George William Beaumont Howard, b.1949, a.1994
Son of the 12th Lord and Ela Hilda Aline Beaumont (b.1925, d.2002), daughter of Sir Wentworth Henry Canning Beaumont, 2nd Viscount Allendale. He is also 13th Earl of Carlisle, 13th Viscount Howard of Morpeth and 13th Baron Dacre of Gillesland, all in the Peerage of England.
Earls of Gowrie (1945)
1st Earl of Gowrie, Alexander Gore Arkwright Hore-Ruthven, b.1872, a.1945, d.1955
Second son of the 9th Lord Ruthven. A career soldier, he
reached the rank of Captain in the 3rd Battalion, Highland Light
Infantry and fought in
2nd Earl of Gowrie, Alexander Patrick Greystell Hore-Ruthven, b.1939, a.1955
Grandson of the 1st Earl and Zara Eileen Pollok (b.1879,
d.1965) and son of Major Alexander Hardinge Patrick Hore-Ruthven (b.1913,
d.1942) and Pamela Margaret Fletcher (b.1910, d.2006). Educated at
The courtesy title for the heir is Viscount Ruthven of
(Last updated: 19/02/2010)