Lords of Dalkeith (c.1370)
1st Lord of Dalkeith, James Douglas, b.c.1330, a.c.1370, d.1420
The Douglases of Dalkeith were descended from Archibald, 2nd Lord of Douglas, and the baronies of Dalkeith and of Aberdour had been created for William Douglas, Knight of Liddesdale, the Flower of Chivalry. When William was murdered, the baronies passed to his nephew James Douglas, who was confirmed as feudal Lord of Dalkeith by the 1st Earl of Douglas. Some time later, the lands of Aberdour were incorporated into the baronial estates.
2nd Lord of Dalkeith, James Douglas, b.c.1356, a.1420, d.1440-1441
Son of the 1st Lord and Agnes Dunbar, daughter of Patrick Dunbar, 9th Earl of Dunbar. He was made a Lord of Parliament as 1st Lord Dalkeith on marrying Princess Elizabeth in 1387.
3rd Lord of Dalkeith, James Douglas, b.?, a.1440-1441, d.c.1457
Son of the 1st Lord and Princess Elizabeth Stewart, daughter of King Robert III. In 1441 he was declared incapable of managing his own affairs by Act of Parliament and was replaced by his son.
4th Lord of Dalkeith, James Douglas, b.?, a.1441, d.1492
Son of the 2nd Lord and Elizabeth Gifford. He was created 1st Earl of Morton and 1st Lord Aberdour in 1457.
Earls of Morton (1457)
1st Earl of Morton, James Douglas, as above
2nd Earl of Morton, John Douglas, b.b.1466, a.1493, d.1512
Son of the 1st Earl and Joanna Stewart (b.c.1431, d.a.1493), daughter of King James II.
3rd Earl of Morton, James Douglas, b.?, a.1512, d.1550
Son of the 2nd Earl and Janet Crichton (b.1461, d.?). He and his wife, Princess Catherine Stewart, daughter of King James IV, and three daughters. Margaret Douglas (b.c.1510, d.1579) married James Hamilton, 2nd Earl of Arran. Beatrice Douglas married Robert Maxwell, 5th Lord Maxwell (for whom see the earls of Nithsdale). Elizabeth Douglas married James Douglas, a grandson of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Angus and the younger brother of David Douglas, the 7th Earl of Angus. James became the 4th Earl of Morton.
4th Earl of Morton, James Douglas, b.c.1516, a.1553, d.1581
Husband of the 3rd Earl’s daughter Elizabeth Douglas. He
became earl in his own right jure uxoris. He became Lord Chancellor in 1563,
and as a reformer was one of the leading conspirators in the murder of David
Rizzio in 1566. However, not having enough open support as yet, he was forced
to flee to
Earl of Morton, John Maxwell, b.1553, a.1581, d.1593
With the 4th Earl being attainted, the title was briefly held by John Maxwell, 7th Lord Maxwell, son of the 3rd Earl’s daughter Beatrice Douglas and Robert Maxwell, 5th Lord Maxwell (for whom see the earls of Nithsdale), who was married to Elizabeth Douglas (b.?, d.1637), daughter of David Douglas, 7th Earl of Angus. However, the attainder was reversed in 1586, allowing the proper heir-male to succeed.
5th Earl of Morton, Archibald Douglas, b.1555, a.1586, d.1588
Nephew of the 4th Earl, and also 8th Earl of Angus. He was raised by the 4th Earl after his
father’s early death, and became one of his closest supporters. When the Regent
Morton was found guilty of treason,
6th Earl of Morton, William Douglas, b.1539-1540, a.1588, d.1606
The earldom of Morton now reverted to the original line of the Douglases
of Dalkeith, via Sir Henry Douglas of Lugton and Lochleven, younger brother of
James Douglas, 1st Lord of Dalkeith. Henry Douglas married Marjory
Stewart (b.?, d.1438). Their son William Douglas (b.?, d.1421) married
Elizabeth Lindsay, daughter of David Lindsay, 1st Earl of Crawford. Their son Sir Henry Douglas (b.?, d.1476)
married Elizabeth Erskine. Their son Sir Robert Douglas (b.?, d.1513) married
Elizabeth Boswell. Their son Sir Robert Douglas married Margaret Balfour. Their
son Thomas Douglas married Elizabeth Boyd. Their son Sir Robert Douglas (b.?,
d.1547) married Margaret Erskine (b?, d.1572), daughter of John Erskine, 5th
Lord Erskine (for whom see the earls of Mar). Their son
became the 6th Earl of Morton. He is most well known for being
7th Earl of Morton, William Douglas, b.1582, a.1606, d.1648
Grandson of the 6th Earl and Lady Agnes Leslie, daughter of
George Leslie, 4th Earl of Rothes, and son
of Robert Douglas, Master of Douglas (b.?, d.1584-1585) and Jean Lyon, daughter
of John Lyon, 8th Lord Glamis (for whom see the earls of Kinghorne). He was Lord High Treasurer of
8th Earl of Morton, Robert Douglas, b.?, a.1648, d.1649
Son of the 7th Earl and Lady Anne Keith (b.?, d.1648), daughter of George Keith, 4th Earl Marischal.
9th Earl of Morton, William Douglas, b.?, a.1649, d.1681
Son of the 8th Earl and Elizabeth Villiers. The islands of Orkney and Zetland were annexed to the Crown by Act of Parliament in 1669, and he also passed the Barony of Dalkeith to the Duke of Buccleuch, who had already taken possession of the estates.
10th Earl of Morton, James Douglas, b.?, a.1681, d.1686
Younger brother of the 8th Earl and uncle of the 9th Earl. He was a Gentleman of the Privy Chamber to King Charles I. His eldest son died young, but three more of his sons each succeeded him in turn.
11th Earl of Morton, James Douglas, b.?, a.1686, d.1715
Son of the 10th Earl and Anne Hay (b.?, d.1700), daughter of
Sir James Hay, 1st Baronet Hay of
12th Earl of Morton, Robert Douglas, b.?, a.1715, d.1730
Younger brother of the 11th Earl. He also died unmarried.
13th Earl of Morton, George Douglas, b.?, a.1730, d.1738
Younger brother of the 12th Earl. He reached the rank of
Lieutenant-Colonel in the Army before becoming an MP, first for
14th Earl of Morton, James Douglas, b.c.1703, a.1737-1738, d.1768
Son of the 13th Earl and Frances Adderly. His first wife died
young, and four of their five sons died before him. He was a Representative
Peer from 1739 until his death. He was Grand Master Mason of Scotland from 1739
to 1740 and then became Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of England. In 1742, he
became Lord of Orkney and Zetland, but in 1766
disposed of these lands to the
15th Earl of Morton, Sholto Charles Douglas, b.c.1732, a.1768, d.1774
Son of the 14th Earl and Agatha Halyburton (b.?, d.1748). He
was also Grand Master of the Grand Lodges of both
16th Earl of Morton, George Douglas, b.1761, a.1774, d.1827
Son of the 15th Earl and Catherine Hamilton, a grand-daughter
of Sir Thomas Hamilton, 6th Earl of Haddington.
He was a Representative Peer from 1784 to 1790. In 1791, he was created 1st
Baron Douglas of Lochleven in the Peerage of Great Britain, which title became
extinct at his death. He was Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Scotland from
1790 to 1792 and served as Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of
the Church of Scotland from 1819 to 1824. He was Lord-Lieutenant of Fife from
1808 to 1824 and of
17th Earl of Morton, George Sholto Douglas, b.1789, a.1827, d.1858
Grandson of the 14th Earl and his second wife Bridget Heathcote (b.1723, d.1805), daughter of Sir John Heathcote, 2nd Baronet Heathcote of Normanton, and son of the Honourable John Douglas (b.1756, d.1818) and Lady Frances Lascelles (b.1762, d.1817), daughter of Edward Lascelles, 1st Earl of Harewood. He was a Representative Peer from 1828 and served as a Lord-in-Waiting from 1841 to 1846 under Sir Robert Peer and in 1852 under the Earl of Derby. His sister Harriet Douglas (b.?, d.1833) married George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Prime Minister.
18th Earl of Morton, Sholto John Douglas, b.1818, a.1858, d.1884
Son of the 17th Earl and Frances Theodora Rose (b.?, d.1879). He was a Representative Peer from 1859 to 1884.
19th Earl of Morton, Sholto George Watson Douglas, b.1844, a.1884, d.1935
Son of the 18th Earl and Helen Watson (b.?, d.1850). He was a Representative Peer from 1886 to his death.
20th Earl of Morton, Sholto Charles John Hay Douglas, b.1907, a.1935, d.1976
Grandson of the 19th Earl and Helen Geraldine Ponsonby (b.?, d.1949), daughter of Charles Frederick Ashley Cooper Ponsonby, 2nd Baron de Mauley, and son of Sholto Charles Douglas, Lord Aberdour (b.1878, d.1911) and Minnie Christina Brenda Hay (b.1880, d.1954), a grand-daughter of George Hay, 8th Marquess of Tweeddale. He served as a Flight-Lieutenant in the RAF Volunteer Reserve during the Second World War.
21st Earl of Morton, John Charles Sholto Douglas, b.1927, a.1976
Another grandson of the 19th Earl, and son of Charles William
Sholto Douglas (b.1881, d.1960) and Florence Timson. He is Lord-Lieutenant of
The courtesy title for the heir is Lord Aberdour.
(Last updated: 04/12/2009)