Lords Glamis (1445)
1st Lord Glamis, Patrick Lyon, b.?, a.?, d.1459
Clan Lyon probably originated from the French family
of de Leon who came into
2nd Lord Glamis, Alexander Lyon, b.?, a.1459, d.1486
Son of the 1st Lord and Isabel Ogilvy (b.?, d.1484), daughter of Sir Walter Ogilvy of Lintrathen, ancestor of the earls of Airlie.
3rd Lord Glamis, John Lyon, b.?, a.1486, d.1497
Younger brother of the 1st Lord.
4th Lord Glamis, John Lyon, b.?, a.1497, d.c.1500
Son of the 3rd Lord and Elizabeth Scrymgeour (b.?, d.1492), daughter of John Scrymgeour of Dudhope, Constable of Dundee and Hereditary Standard-Bearer (for whom see the earls of Dundee).
5th Lord Glamis, George Lyon, b.?, a.1500, d.c.1505
Son of the 4th Lord and Elizabeth Gray (b.?, d.c.1526), daughter of Andrew Gray, 2nd Lord Gray.
6th Lord Glamis, John Lyon, b.c.1491, a.1505, d.1528
Younger brother of the 5th Lord.
7th Lord Glamis, John Lyon, b.c.1521, a.1528, d.1559
Son of the 6th Lord and Janet Douglas (b.?,
d.1737), a grand-daughter of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Angus. After the fall of the House of Douglas, Lady Glamis
was burned at the stake, accused of witchcraft as part of King James Vís
vengeance on all those associated with the
8th Lord Glamis, John Lyon, b.c.1544, a.1559, d.1578
Son of the 7th Lord and Janet Keith, a
grand-daughter of both William Keith, 2nd Earl Marischal and John Douglas, 2nd Earl of Morton. A supporter of the Regents Moray and
9th Lord Glamis, Patrick Lyon, b.c.1575, a.1578, d.1615
Son of the 8th Lord and Elizabeth Abernethy (b.?, d.b.1581), daughter of William Abernethy, 5th Lord Saltoun of Abernethy. He was Captain of the Royal Guard and a Privy Counsellor, and in 1606 he was created 1st Earl of Kinghorne.
Earls of Kinghorne (1606)
1st Earl of Kinghorne, Patrick Lyon, as above
2nd Earl of Kinghorne, John Lyon, b.1596, a.1615, d.1646
Son of the 1st Earl and Lady Anne Murray (b.1579, d.1618), daughter of Sir John Murray, 1st Earl of Tullibardine. A supporter of Montrose and the Covenant, he remained faithful to the cause, and at great expense, when Montrose switched sides.
3rd Earl of Kinghorne, Patrick Lyon, b.1643, a.1646, d.1695
Son of the 2nd
Earl and Lady Elizabeth Maule (b.?, d.1659), daughter of Patrick Maule, 1st
Earl of Panmure. In a new patent of 1677, he became
Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 1st Viscount Lyon and 1st
Lord Glamis, Tannadyce, Sidlaw & Strathditchie. He improved the estates
left impoverished by his father and enlarged
4th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, John Lyon, b.1663, a.1695, d.1712
Son of the 3rd Earl and Helen Middleton (b.?, d.c.1708), daughter of John Middleton, 1st Earl of Middleton. He was a Privy Counsellor, but opposed the Treaty of Union in 1707.
5th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, John Lyon, b.1696, a.1712, d.1715
Son of the 4th Earl and Lady Elizabeth Stanhope (b.c.1663, d.1723), daughter of Philip Stanhope, 2nd Earl of Chesterfield. He was killed at the Battle of Sheriffmuir.
6th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Charles Lyon, b.c.1699, a.1715, d.1728
Younger brother of the 5th Earl. Not directly implicated alongside his brother, he was allowed to succeed to the title. He died from wounds received during a street brawl.
7th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, James Lyon, b.c.1702, a.1728, d.1734-1735
Younger brother of the 5th and 6th Earls.
8th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Thomas Lyon, b.1704, a.1734-1735, d.1753
brother again of the previous three earls. He moved to
9th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, John Bowes, b.1737, a.1753, d.1776
Son of the 8th Earl and Jean Nicholsen (b.1713, d.1778). He was born John Lyon, but had his name legally changed to that of his wife.
10th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, John Lyon-Bowes, b.1769, a.1776, d.1820
Son of the 9th
Earl and Mary Eleanor Bowes (b.1749, d.1800). In 1815 he was created 1st
Baron Bowes in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, this title becoming extinct
at his death with no immediate legitimate heir, although he did have a natural
son John Bowes (b.1811, d.1885) by his mistress Mary Milner (b.?, d.1860). A
day before his death, he married Mary in order to try to legitimise John.
However this failed due to the fact that they were living in
11th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Thomas Bowes-Lyon, b.1773, a.1820, d.1846
Younger brother of the 10th Earl.
12th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Thomas George Lyon-Bowes, b.1822, a.1846, d.1865
the 11th Earl and Mary Elizabeth Louisa Rodney Carpenter (b.1783,
d.1811), and son of Thomas George Lyon-Bowes, Lord Glamis (b.1801, d.1834) and
13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Claude Bowes-Lyon, b.1824, a.1865, d.1904
brother of the 12th Earl. In 1887 he was created 1st
Baron Bowes in the Peerage of the
14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Claude George Bowes-Lyon, b.1855, a.1904, d.1944
Son of the 13th
Earl and Frances Dora Smith (b.1833, d.1922). Educated at
15th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Patrick Bowes-Lyon, b.1884, a.1944, d.1949
Son of the 14th Earl and Nina Cecilie Cavendish-Bentinck (b.1862, d.1938).
16th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Timothy Patrick Bowes-Lyon, b.1918, a.1949, d.1972
Son of the 15th Earl and Lady Dorothy Beatrix Godolphin Osborne (b.1888, d.1946), daughter of Sir George Godolphin Osborne, 10th Duke of Leeds. He was first cousin of Queen Elizabeth II.
17th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Fergus Michael Claude Bowes-Lyon, b.1928, a.1972, d.1987
Grandson of the 14th Earl and son of Captain Michael Claude Hamilton Bowe-Lyon (b.1893, d.1953) and Elizabeth Margaret Cator (b.1899, d.1959). He was also a first cousin of Queen Elizabeth II.
18th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Michael Fergus Bowes-Lyon, b.1957, a.1987
Son of the 17th
Earl and Mary Pamela McCorquodale (b.1932). Educated at Eton, the
The courtesy title for the heir is Lord Glamis.
(Last updated: 03/07/2009)