Lords Glamis (1445)


1st Lord Glamis, Patrick Lyon, b.?, a.?, d.1459


Clan Lyon probably originated from the French family of de Leon who came into Scotland when Edgar, son of Malcolm Canmore, came north from England to take the Scottish crown from with half-brother Duncan II. Sir John Lyon (b.c.1340, d.1382) married Princess Joanna (or Jean) Stewart (b.1336-1355, d.a.1404), daughter of King Robert II and was made Thane of Glamis, also obtaining the lands of Tannadice and later of Kinghorne. He was Lord High Chamberlain from 1377 to 1382. His son, John Lyon of Glamis (b.?, d.1435) married Elizabeth Graham, daughter of Sir Patrick Graham, Earl of Strathearn and another descendant of Robert II. Their son Patrick Lyon was created 1st Lord Glamis and served as a Privy Counsellor and Master of the Royal Household.


2nd Lord Glamis, Alexander Lyon, b.?, a.1459, d.1486


Son of the 1st Lord and Isabel Ogilvy (b.?, d.1484), daughter of Sir Walter Ogilvy of Lintrathen, ancestor of the earls of Airlie.


3rd Lord Glamis, John Lyon, b.?, a.1486, d.1497


Younger brother of the 1st Lord.


4th Lord Glamis, John Lyon, b.?, a.1497, d.c.1500


Son of the 3rd Lord and Elizabeth Scrymgeour (b.?, d.1492), daughter of John Scrymgeour of Dudhope, Constable of Dundee and Hereditary Standard-Bearer (for whom see the earls of Dundee).


5th Lord Glamis, George Lyon, b.?, a.1500, d.c.1505


Son of the 4th Lord and Elizabeth Gray (b.?, d.c.1526), daughter of Andrew Gray, 2nd Lord Gray.


6th Lord Glamis, John Lyon, b.c.1491, a.1505, d.1528


Younger brother of the 5th Lord.


7th Lord Glamis, John Lyon, b.c.1521, a.1528, d.1559


Son of the 6th Lord and Janet Douglas (b.?, d.1737), a grand-daughter of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Angus. After the fall of the House of Douglas, Lady Glamis was burned at the stake, accused of witchcraft as part of King James Vís vengeance on all those associated with the Douglas name. Lord Glamis protested sufficiently for himself to be sentenced to death and his estates declared forfeit. However, the sentence was delayed until he reached his majority, and when King James V died in 1543, he was released and his estates restored by Parliament.


8th Lord Glamis, John Lyon, b.c.1544, a.1559, d.1578


Son of the 7th Lord and Janet Keith, a grand-daughter of both William Keith, 2nd Earl Marischal and John Douglas, 2nd Earl of Morton. A supporter of the Regents Moray and Lennox against Queen Mary, he was made Lord Chancellor of Scotland and Keeper of the Great Seal.


9th Lord Glamis, Patrick Lyon, b.c.1575, a.1578, d.1615


Son of the 8th Lord and Elizabeth Abernethy (b.?, d.b.1581), daughter of William Abernethy, 5th Lord Saltoun of Abernethy. He was Captain of the Royal Guard and a Privy Counsellor, and in 1606 he was created 1st Earl of Kinghorne.



Earls of Kinghorne (1606)


1st Earl of Kinghorne, Patrick Lyon, as above


2nd Earl of Kinghorne, John Lyon, b.1596, a.1615, d.1646


Son of the 1st Earl and Lady Anne Murray (b.1579, d.1618), daughter of Sir John Murray, 1st Earl of Tullibardine. A supporter of Montrose and the Covenant, he remained faithful to the cause, and at great expense, when Montrose switched sides.


3rd Earl of Kinghorne, Patrick Lyon, b.1643, a.1646, d.1695


Son of the 2nd Earl and Lady Elizabeth Maule (b.?, d.1659), daughter of Patrick Maule, 1st Earl of Panmure. In a new patent of 1677, he became Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, 1st Viscount Lyon and 1st Lord Glamis, Tannadyce, Sidlaw & Strathditchie. He improved the estates left impoverished by his father and enlarged Glamis Castle.


4th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, John Lyon, b.1663, a.1695, d.1712


Son of the 3rd Earl and Helen Middleton (b.?, d.c.1708), daughter of John Middleton, 1st Earl of Middleton. He was a Privy Counsellor, but opposed the Treaty of Union in 1707.


5th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, John Lyon, b.1696, a.1712, d.1715


Son of the 4th Earl and Lady Elizabeth Stanhope (b.c.1663, d.1723), daughter of Philip Stanhope, 2nd Earl of Chesterfield. He was killed at the Battle of Sheriffmuir.


6th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Charles Lyon, b.c.1699, a.1715, d.1728


Younger brother of the 5th Earl. Not directly implicated alongside his brother, he was allowed to succeed to the title. He died from wounds received during a street brawl.


7th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, James Lyon, b.c.1702, a.1728, d.1734-1735


Younger brother of the 5th and 6th Earls.


8th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Thomas Lyon, b.1704, a.1734-1735, d.1753


Younger brother again of the previous three earls. He moved to England, and the family have been predominantly English since then, although retaining strong links with Scotland with the family seat at Glamis.


9th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, John Bowes, b.1737, a.1753, d.1776


Son of the 8th Earl and Jean Nicholsen (b.1713, d.1778). He was born John Lyon, but had his name legally changed to that of his wife.


10th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, John Lyon-Bowes, b.1769, a.1776, d.1820


Son of the 9th Earl and Mary Eleanor Bowes (b.1749, d.1800). In 1815 he was created 1st Baron Bowes in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, this title becoming extinct at his death with no immediate legitimate heir, although he did have a natural son John Bowes (b.1811, d.1885) by his mistress Mary Milner (b.?, d.1860). A day before his death, he married Mary in order to try to legitimise John. However this failed due to the fact that they were living in England under English Law and so Scottish Loaw, which would have allowed the legitimacy, could not be applied. John was raised by his mother, now Dowager Countess, and was educated at Eton and Trinity College Cambridge and went on to become a renowned art collector and racehorse owner.


11th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Thomas Bowes-Lyon, b.1773, a.1820, d.1846


Younger brother of the 10th Earl.


12th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Thomas George Lyon-Bowes, b.1822, a.1846, d.1865


Grandson of the 11th Earl and Mary Elizabeth Louisa Rodney Carpenter (b.1783, d.1811), and son of Thomas George Lyon-Bowes, Lord Glamis (b.1801, d.1834) and Charlotte Grimstead (b.c.1798, d.1881).


13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Claude Bowes-Lyon, b.1824, a.1865, d.1904


Younger brother of the 12th Earl. In 1887 he was created 1st Baron Bowes in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. He was a Representative Peer from 1870 to 1892 and Lord-Lieutenant of Angus from 1874 to his death.


14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Claude George Bowes-Lyon, b.1855, a.1904, d.1944


Son of the 13th Earl and Frances Dora Smith (b.1833, d.1922). Educated at Eton, he served in the 2nd Life Guards from 1876 to 1882. His youngest daughter, Lady Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon (b.1900, d.2002), married Prince Albert, Duke of York, in 1923 at Westminster Abbey, and to mark this, he was invested as a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order. In 1928 he was made a Knight of the Thistle. When King Edward VIII abdicated in 1936, Prince Albert succeeded his brother as King George VI, and as the Queen Consortís father, Strathmore was made a Knight of the Garter and also 1st Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.


15th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Patrick Bowes-Lyon, b.1884, a.1944, d.1949


Son of the 14th Earl and Nina Cecilie Cavendish-Bentinck (b.1862, d.1938).


16th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Timothy Patrick Bowes-Lyon, b.1918, a.1949, d.1972


Son of the 15th Earl and Lady Dorothy Beatrix Godolphin Osborne (b.1888, d.1946), daughter of Sir George Godolphin Osborne, 10th Duke of Leeds. He was first cousin of Queen Elizabeth II.


17th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Fergus Michael Claude Bowes-Lyon, b.1928, a.1972, d.1987


Grandson of the 14th Earl and son of Captain Michael Claude Hamilton Bowe-Lyon (b.1893, d.1953) and Elizabeth Margaret Cator (b.1899, d.1959). He was also a first cousin of Queen Elizabeth II.


18th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, Michael Fergus Bowes-Lyon, b.1957, a.1987


Son of the 17th Earl and Mary Pamela McCorquodale (b.1932). Educated at Eton, the University of Aberdeen and RMA Sandhurst, he reached the rank of Captain in service of the Scots Guards. As well as being 18th Earl, he is also 26th Lord Glamis, 16th Lord Glamis, Tannadyce, Sidlaw & Strathditchie, 6th Baron Bowes and 16th Viscount Lyon.



The courtesy title for the heir is Lord Glamis.


(Last updated: 03/07/2009)