Lords Maxwell (c.1454)
1st Lord Maxwell, Herbert Maxwell, b.b.1413, a.c.1454, d.c.1454
The Maxwells were a prominent family in the south of
2nd Lord Maxwell, Robert Maxwell, b.c.1425, a.c.1454, d.c.1485
Son of the 1st Lord and Janet Herries (b.c.1405, d.?), daughter of Sir Herbert Herries of Terregles.
3rd Lord Maxwell, John Maxwell, b.c.1454, a.c.1485, d.1513
Grandson of the 2nd Lord and Janet Forrester, daughter of Sir John Forrester of Corstorphine, and son of John Maxwell, Master of Maxwell (b.?, d.1484) and Janet Crichton, daughter of George Crichton, 1st Earl of Caithness. In some numberings, his father is included as 3rd Lord since the exact time of his death is not known.
4th Lord Maxwell, Robert Maxwell, b.c.1493, a.1513, d.1546
Son of the 3rd Lord and Agnes Stewart (b.?, d.1530), daughter
of Sir Alexander Stewart of Garlies. He was close to James V and was one of the
ambassadors sent to
5th Lord Maxwell, Robert Maxwell, b.c.1510, a.1546, d.1552
Son of the 4th Lord and Janet Douglas, daughter of Sir
William Douglas of Drumlanrig. He was involved in his father’s dealings with
the English, and from this time the dispute that turned into a family feud with
the Johnstones seems to originate, the Laird of Johnstone refusing to follow
his feudal superior, with bribery and state interference rife. He was captured
by the English in a cross-border raid in 1545 and was held in the
6th Lord Maxwell, Robert Maxwell, b.c.1550, a.1552, d.c.1554
Son of the 5th Lord and Beatrix Douglas, daughter of James Douglas, 3rd Earl of Morton and Catherine Stewart, daughter of King James IV. He succeeded as an infant and died when only four years old.
7th Lord Maxwell, John Maxwell, b.1552, a.c.1554, d.1593
Younger brother of the 6th Lord, and born after the death of
his father. He was raised by his uncle, Sir John Maxwell of Terregles, and as a
young man he sided with Queen Mary, and suffered severely in having his estates
laid waste and his castles thrown down. In 1572 he reluctantly submitted before
the Government of James VI, and was made Warden of the
8th Lord Maxwell, John Maxwell, b.c.1585, a.1593, d.1613
Son of the 7th Lord and Lady Elizabeth Douglas (b.?, d.1637),
daughter of David Douglas, 7th Earl of Angus.
The King made a show of anger at the death of his Warden and declared the
Johnstone alliance as rebels, but shortly afterwards let them off the hook, and
the feud continued. This situation was not helped when in 1596 Johnstone was
made Warden, though this did not last long as Johnstone’s conduct was so bad
that he was replaced. Like his father, Maxwell was a staunch Roman Catholic,
and was temporarily imprisoned in 1601 for attending mass. Again like his
father, he was an outwardly aggressive man, and challenged the new Earl of
Morton to a duel in 1607, for which he was again imprisoned, though he broke
out and went on the run in his own domains. In 1608, in an attempt to curry
favour with the King, he attempted to negotiate a truce with the Johnstone
family. However, a meeting between the two flared up and he shot Sir James
Johnstone, Laird of Johnstone, in the back as he rode away. For this he was
declared a traitor and fled to
9th Lord Maxwell, Robert Maxwell, b.1586, a.1613, d.1646
Younger brother of the 8th Lord. The Maxwell estates had been forfeited to the Crown in 1609, and it was not until 1620 that the King fully restored everything that had belonged to the previous holder, and in a move to reconcile the fact that there were two earls of Morton, changed the name of the Maxwell title to Earl of Nithsdale.
Earls of Nithsdale (1620)
1st Earl of Nithsdale, Robert Maxwell, as above
The new earl was a staunch Royalist, and during the Civil Wars used his castles as garrisons to support the royal cause, restoring Carlaverock to its original strength. A Protestant army besieged the castle without success until Maxwell surrendered with the King’s approval. The castle was again dismantled so that it could not be used as a base for royal troops. He was exiled in 1639, and in 1643 he was made forfeit.
2nd Earl of Nithsdale, Robert Maxwell, b.1620, a.1646, d.1667
Son of the 1st Earl and Elizabeth Beaumont (b.?, d.1671). Another committed royalist, he was captured at Newcastle in 1644 and imprisoned in Edinburgh until Montrose won at the Battle of Kilsyth in 1646, and in 1647 an Act of Parliament restored him to his titles, though his coffers had been emptied in the royal cause. At the Restoration, he petitioned the King for recompense, but this request was ignored. He died unmarried and was succeeded by the heir-male, John Maxwell, 7th Lord Herries of Terregles, who was a son of the 1st Earl’s sister and separately a descendant of the 4th Lord Maxwell.
Lords Herries of Terregles (1490)
1st Lord Herries, Herbert Herries, b.?, a.1490, d.c.1505
The Herries were another prominent Anglo-Saxon family long established in the south of Scotland.
2nd Lord Herries, Andrew Herries, b.c.1477, a.c.1505, d.1513
Son of the 1st Lord and Mariot Carlyle, daughter of Sir John
Carlyle, 1st Lord Carlyle of Torthorwald. He died at
3rd Lord Herries, William Herries, b.?, a.1513, d.1543
Son of the 2nd Lord and Nicholas Home, daughter of
4th Lord (Baroness) Herries, Agnes Herries, b.1534, a., d.1593-1594
Daughter of the 3rd Lord and Catherine Kennedy.
5th Lord Herries, William Maxwell, b.c.1555, a.1593-1594, d.1604
Son of Baroness Herries and Sir John Maxwell (b.1512, d.1582-1583), son
of Robert Maxwell, 4th Lord Maxwell. John Maxwell was as involved as
his brother the 5th Lord in the political events of the time. As a
fierce nationalist he held
6th Lord Herries, John Maxwell, b.?, a.1604, d.1631
7th Lord Herries, John Maxwell, b.?, a.1631, d.1677
Son of the 6th Lord and Elizabeth Maxwell (b.b.1579, d.c.1640), daughter of John Maxwell, 7th Lord Maxwell. He inherited his maternal uncle’s title.
Earls of Nithsdale (1620, continued)
3rd Earl of Nithsdale, John Maxwell, b.?, a.1667, d.1677
As with many supporters of the King during the Civil War, he was hard-pressed by Parliament and subject to the imposition of heavy fines, for which he tried to obtain recompense after the Restoration, without success.
4th Earl of Nithsdale, Robert Maxwell, b.1628, a.1677, d.1696
Son of the 3rd Earl and Elizabeth Gordon, daughter of Sir Robert Gordon of Lochinvar. Another staunch supporter of the now discredited regime of Charles II, he benefited from obtained lands confiscated from Covenanters, but remained in relative poverty all his life.
5th Earl of Nithsdale, William Maxwell, b.1676, a.1696, d.1744
Son of the 4th Earl and Lady Lucy Douglas (b.1644-1654,
d.1713), daughter of William Douglas, 1st Marquess of Douglas (for
whom see the earls of Angus). He was a Jacobite, and
was active at the 1715 rebellion. After the Battle of Preston, he was captured
and held at the
Lords Herries of Terregles (1490, continued)
10th Lord Herries, William Constable-Maxwell, b.1804, a.1858, d.1876
The 5th Earl married Winifred Herbert (b.?, d.1749), daughter of William Herbert, 1st Marquess of Powys. Their son, also William Maxwell (b.?, d.1776) was allowed access to the estates of the family due to the foresight of his father, but not the titles. He married Catherine Stewart (b.1705, d.1765), daughter of Charles Stewart, 4th Earl of Traquair. Their daughter Winifred Maxwell (b.?, d.1801) married William Haggerston Constable (b.?, d.1797), son of Sir Carnaby Haggerston, 3rd Baronet Haggerston of Northumberland. Their son Marmaduke William Haggerston-Constable (b.1760, d.1819) married Theresa Apollonia Wakeman (b.?, d.1846). He changed his surname to Constable-Maxwell and separated the various remaining estates between several of his sons. In 1848, Parliament reversed the forfeiture of the 5th Earl, and in 1858 the House of Lords recognised his eldest son William as 10th Lord Herries.
11th Lord Herries, Marmaduke Francis Constable-Maxwell, b.1837, a.1876, d.1908
Son of the 10th Lord and Marcia Mary Vavasour (b.1816,
d.1883), daughter of Sir Edward Marmaduke Joseph Vavasour, 1st Baronet
Vavasour of Hazelwood. In 1884 he was created 1st Baron Herries of
12th Lord (Baroness) Herries, Gwendoline Mary Herries, b.1877, a.1908, d.1945
Daughter of the 11th Lord and Angela Mary Charlotte Fitzalan-Howard (b.?, d.1919), daughter of Edward George Firzalan-Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Glossop, himself a son of Henry Charles Howard, 13th Duke of Norfolk.
13th Lord Herries, Bernard Marmaduke Fitzalan-Howard, b.1908, a.1945, d.1975
Son of the 12th Baroness and Henry Fitzalan-Howard, 15th
14th Lord (Baroness) Herries, Anne Elizabeth Fitzalan-Howard, b.1938, a.1975
Daughter of the 13th Lord and Lavinia Mary Strutt (b.1916, d.1995). She married to the famous cricketer Colin Cowdrey.
(Last updated: 23/08/2009)