Earls of Lothian (1606)
1st Earl of Lothian, Mark Kerr, b.c.1533, a.1606, d.1609
Mark Kerr was from the ancient and highly respected family of Kerr of Cessford, his father, also Mark Kerr (b.?, d.1584), had been an MP, Lord of Session and Commendator of Newbattle Abbey (a lay position with the same secular responsibilities as the abbacy), while his mother, Helen Leslie (b.?, d.1594) was a daughter of George Leslie, 4th Earl of Rothes. He was created Master of Requests in 1577, a short lived Great Office of State created by James V, succeeded his father as Commendator in 1581. and was made a Privy Counsellor in 1587. In 1591, he was made 1st Lord Newbottle (or Newbattle), the estates of the Abbey being converted into a secular lordship. In 1604, he was temporarily Lord Chancellor of Scotland, and he was created 1st Earl of Lothian in 1606.
2nd Earl of Lothian, Robert Kerr, b.?, a.1609, d.1624
Son of the 1st Earl and Margaret
Maxwell (b.?, d.1617), daughter of Sir John Maxwell
(b.1512, d.1582-1583), himself a son of Robert Maxwell, 4th Lord
Maxwell (for whom see the earls of Nithsdale), and
Agnes Herries, 4th Baroness Herries of Terregles (b.1534,
d.1593-1594). Educated at the
3rd Earl (Countess) of Lothian, Anne Kerr, b.?, a.1624, d.1667
Daughter of the 2nd Earl and Lady Annabella Campbell (b.?, d.1652), daughter of Archibald Campbell, 7th Earl of Argyll. Having married another Kerr, namely William Kerr (b.?, d.c.1675), son of Sir Robert Kerr, 1st Earl of Ancram, she was permitted to succeed to her father's earldom, with her husband referred to as 3rd Earl of Lothian. However, he was subsequently created 1st Earl of Lothian and 1st Lord Kerr of Newbattle in 1631, indicating that the previous earldom was expected to become extinct on Anne's death.
Earls of Lothian (1631)
1st Earl of Lothian, William Kerr, b.?, a.1631, d.1675
William Kerr was the son of Robert Kerr,
(later) 1st Earl of Ancram
by his first wife, Elizabeth Murray (b.?, d.b.1620).
He was created 1st Earl of Lothian and 1st Lord Kerr of Newbattle in 1631 after marrying the Anne Kerr, 3rd
Countess of Lothian, it being inappropriate for husband and father (his son
expected to inherit Anne's title) of peers not to be one himself. Highly
educated and gaining experience as a soldier under the Duke of Buckingham on
the Continent, he signed the Covenant in 1638, was a Commissioner of the
Treasury in 1642, and led the Scots Army in
2nd Earl of Lothian, Robert Kerr, b.1636, a.1675, d.1703
Son of the 1st Earl and 3rd Countess. Born at Newbattle, he was educated abroad from 1651 to 1657, and unsuccessfully claimed the vacant earldom of Roxburghe in 1658. He was made a Privy Counsellor in 1686 but supported the Glorious Revolution in 1688 and though dismissed by James VII was later retained in that position by King William. In 1689 he was made Lord Justice General and in 1690 he succeeded his uncle as 3rd Earl of Ancram. In 1692 he was made Lord High Commissioner to the Parliament of Scotland. In 1701 was created 1st Marquess of Lothian, 1st Earl of Ancram, 1st Viscount of Briene and 1st Lord Kerr of Newbattle, Oxnam, Jedburgh, Dolphinstoun and Nisbet.
Marquesses of Lothian (1701)
1st Marquess of Lothian, Robert Kerr, b.1636, a.1701, d.1703
He was appointed as a commissioner for the Treaty of Union in 1702, but died before negotiations were completed.
2nd Marquess of Lothian, William Kerr, b.c.1661, a.1702-1703, d.1722
Son of the 1st Marquess and Lady Jean Campbell, daughter of Archibald Campbell, 1st Marquess of Argyll. In 1692 he succeeded as 5th Lord Jedburgh on the death of his distant relative as per the remainder in a re-grant of that title. In 1696 he was promoted to Colonel of the 7th Dragoons, reaching the rank of Brigadier-General in 1702 and Major-General in 1704, followed in 1707 by a transfer to the Scots Guards, where he attained the rank of Lieutenant-General in 1708. In 1705 he was made a Knight of the Thistle. He supported the Act of Union and was a made Representative Peer in 1708, though disbarred following voting irregularities, but was re-elected in 1715. We was removed as Colonel of the Scots Guards in 1713 for being a supporter of the Whigs in Parliament.
3rd Marquess of Lothian, William Kerr, b.c.1690, a.1722, d.1767
Son of the 2nd Marquess and Lady Jane Campbell (b.?, d.1712), daughter of Archibald Campbell, 9th Earl of Argyll. A prominent politician, he served as a Representative Peer from 1730 until 1761. He was created a Knight of the Thistle in 1734. From 1732 to 1738 he was Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland, and from 1739 to 1756 he was Lord Clerk Register.
4th Marquess of Lothian, William Henry Kerr, b.1710, a.1767, d.1775
Son of the 3rd Marquess
and Margaret Nicolson (b.?, d.1759), daughter of Sir Thomas Nicolson, 1st
Baronet Nicolson of Glenbervie in the
5th Marquess of Lothian, William John Kerr, b.1737, a.1775, d.1815
Son of the 4th Marquess and Lady Caroline Darcy (b.?, d.1778), daughter of Robert Darcy, 3rd Earl of Holderness. He was made a Knight of the Thistle in 1776, and was made Colonel of the Horse Guards in 1777, which became the 1st Life Guard in 1788, reaching the rank of Major-General in 1777 and Lietuenant-General in 1782. As a Representative Peer he voted for the rights of the Prince of Wales over his father, George III, and on the King’s recovery from illness he was deprived of his colonelcy of the Guards in 1789, leaving the House of Lords the following year. He was made a General in 1796 and the became Colonel of the 11th Dragoons from 1798 to 1813, and then of the 2nd Dragoons from 1813 to 1815.
6th Marquess of Lothian, William Kerr, b.1763, a.1815, d.1824
Son of the 5th Marquess
and Elizabeth Fortesque (b.1745, d.1780). He was
created 1st Baron Ker of Kersheugh, in
Roxburgh, in the Peerage of the
7th Marquess of Lothian, John William Robert Kerr, b.1794, a.1824, d.1841
Son of the 6th Marquess and Lady Harriet Hobart (b.1762, d.1805), daughter of Sir John Hobart, 2nd Earl of Buckinghamshire. He became a Tory MP for Huntingdon in 1820 and served until his father’s death. In 1841 he was made a Privy Councillor and served as Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard (Deputy Chief Whip in the House of Lords) during Robert Peel’s administration. From 1824 until his death he was Lord-Lieutenant of Roxburghshire.
8th Marquess of Lothian, William Schomberg Robert Kerr, b.1832, a.1841, d.1870
Son of the 7th
Marquess and Lady Cecil Chetwynd
Chetwynd-Talbot (b.1808, d.1877), daughter of Charles
Chetwynd-Talbot, 2nd Earl Talbot. He was educated at
9th Marquess of Lothian, Schomberg Henry Kerr, b.1833, a.1870, d.1900
Younger brother of the 8th Marquess. Also educated at Eton and
10th Marquess of Lothian, Robert Henry Schomberg Kerr, b.1874, a.1900, d.1930
Son of the 9th
Marquess and Lady
11th Marquess of Lothian, Philip Henry Kerr, b.1882, a.1930, d.1940
Cousin of the 10th Marquess,
being a grandson of the 7th Marquess, and
son of Major-General Ralph Drury Kerr (b.1837, d.1916) and Lady Anne Fitzalan-Howard (b.1857, d.1931), daughter of Henry
Granville Fitzalan-Howard, 14th Duke of
Norfolk. Born in
12th Marquess of Lothian, Peter Francis Walter Kerr, b.1922, a.1940, d.2004
Great-grandson of the 7th Marquess, grandson of Admiral Lord Walter Talbot Kerr (b.1839,
d.1927) and Lady Amabell Frederica Henrietta Cowper
(b.1846, d.1906), daughter of Sir George Augustus Frederick Cowper, 6th
Earl Cowper, and son of Captain Andrew William Kerr (b.1877, d.1929) and Marie
Constance Annabel Kerr (b.1889, d.1929), a descendant of the 5th Marquess. Educated at
13th Marquess of Lothian, Michael Andrew Foster Jude Kerr, b.1945, a.2004
Son of the 12th
Marquess and Antonella
Newland (b.1922, d.2007). Known in public life as Michael Ancram, he was educated at Ampleforth,
The courtesy title for the heir is was formerly Master of Newbottle before marriage and Lord Newbottle after marriage. This changed to Master of Jedburgh and Lord Jedburgh respectively after this title was inherited by the 2nd Earl of Lothian as it was a more senior title. When the 2nd Earl became 1st Marquess of Lothian, the courtesy title for the heir became Earl of Ancram, though often the title of Lord Jedburgh is still used prior to marriage, or for the heir's heir if all three generations are alive.
(Last updated: 03/03/2013)