Lords Hay of Yester (1488)
1st Lord Hay, John Hay, b.c.1450, a.1488, d.1508
Son of Sir David Hay of Locherworth in Peeblesshire and Yester in
Haddingtonshire, who was Hereditary Sheriff of Peebles, and Elizabeth Douglas,
daughter of George Douglas, 1st Earl of Angus.
The family seat was
2nd Lord Hay, John Hay, b.c.1470, a.1508, d.1513
Son of the 1st Lord and Elizabeth Cunningham, daughter of Sir
George Cunningham of Belton. He died at
3rd Lord Hay, John Hay, b.?, a.1513, d.1543
Son of the 2nd Lord and Elizabeth Crichton.
4th Lord Hay, John Hay, b.c.1510, a.1543, d.c.1556
Son of the 3rd Lord and Elizabeth Douglas, daughter of George
Douglas, Master of Douglas, son of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Angus. He was captured at the Battle of Pinkie in 1547 and
held in the
5th Lord Hay, William Hay, b.1537-1538, a.c.1556, d.1586
Son of the 4th Lord and Margaret Livingston, daughter of William Livingston, 4th Lord Livingston. He was a supporter of Queen Mary and was present at Carberry Hill and Langside.
6th Lord Hay, William Hay, b.c.1561, a.1586, d.1590-1591
Son of the 5th Lord and Margaret Kerr, daughter of Sir John Kerr of Ferniehurst. He was known as a violent and troublesome man in his youth, and was responsible for the ongoing feud between the Hays and the Stewarts of Traquair, which finally required the intervention of the King. In later life he was involved in the Raid of Ruthven, and after this failed he lived on the Continent for several years before he felt safe in returning.
7th Lord Hay, James Hay, b.?, a.1590-1591, d.1609
Younger brother of the 6th Lord.
8th Lord Hay, John Hay, b.1593, a.1609, d.1653
Son of the 7th Lord and Margaret Kerr (b.?, d.1645), daughter
of Mark Kerr, 1st Earl of Lothian. He was
a staunch Presbyterian and opposed to any attempts by the King to alter it’s
development. He voted against the Five Articles of Perth in Parliament in 1621
and also against the Act imposing rules on ecclesiastical dress in 1633, a move
that stalled his promotion to earl. In 1639 he accompanied General Leslie at
the head of the Covenanter army that went south into
Earls of Tweeddale (1646)
1st Earl of Tweeddale, John Hay, b.1593, a.1646, d.1653
2nd Earl of Tweeddale, John Hay, b.1625, a.1653, d.1697
Son of the 1st Earl and Jean Seton (b.?, d.1627), daughter of
Alexander Seton, 1st Earl of Dunfermline.
During the Civil Wars, he appears to have switched sides several times. He
spent his youth in
Marquesses of Tweeddale (1694)
1st Marquess of Tweeddale, John Hay, as above
2nd Marquess of Tweedale, John Hay, b.1645, a.1697, d.1713
Son of the 1st Marquess and Lady Jane Scott (b.1628-1629,
d.1688), daughter of Walter Scott, 1st Earl of Buccleuch. Although married to the daughter of the
Duke of Lauderdale, he initially had a good relationship with his
father-in-law, until Lauderdale’s wife, Elizabeth Murray, Countess of Dysart, began to take control of the failing duke’s life,
alienating him from his family. Disillusioned, Hay spent several years on the
continent, and had to wait until Lauderdale’s death before becoming involved in
politics. In 1689 he was made a Privy Counsellor and in 1695 Lord High
3rd Marquess of Tweeddale, Charles Hay, b.c.1667, a.1713, d.1715
Son of the 2nd Marquess and Lady Mary Maitland (b.1645, d.1702), daughter of John Maitland, 1st Duke of Lauderdale. He was briefly Lord-Lieutenant of Haddingtonshire and a Representative Peer.
4th Marquess of Tweedale, John Hay, b.c.1695, a.1715, d.1762
Son of the 3rd Marquess and Susanna Hamilton (b.1667,
d.1736-1737), daughter of Sir William Douglas-Hamilton, 1st Earl of Selkirk (at the time she was the widow of John Cochrane,
2nd Earl of Dundonald). He was made an
Extraordinary Lord of Session in 1721, the last person ever to be granted that
position. He was a Representative Peer from 1722 to 1734 and later from 1742 to
1762. In 1742 the position of Secretary of State for
5th Marquess of Tweeddale, George Hay, b.1758, a.1762, d.1770
Son of the 4th Marquess and Lady Elizabeth Carteret (b.?, d.1788), daughter of Sir John Carteret, 2nd Earl Granville.
6th Marquess of Tweeddale, George Hay, b.c.1700, a.1770, d.1787
Younger brother of the 4th Marquess. He succeeded late in life due to the early death of his nephew, and did not marry.
7th Marquess of Tweeddale, George Hay, b.1753, a.1787, d.1804
Great-grandson of the 2nd Marquess, grandson of
Brigadier-General Lord William Hay (b.?, d.1723) and Margaret Hay (b.1686,
d.1758) (from the family of the Baronets Hay of Linplum), and son of John Hay
(b.?, d.1765) and Dorothy Hayhurst (b.?, d.1808). He was a Representative Peer
and Lord-Lieutenant of Haddingtonshire. In 1802, he and his wife left for the
Continent to improve his health. However, they were arrested in
8th Marquess of Tweeddale, George Hay, b.1787, a.1804, d.1876
Son of the 7th Marquess and Lady Hannah Charlotte
Maitland (b.?, d.1804), daughter of
James Maitland, 7th Earl of Lauderdale.
He joined the army in 1804 and saw considerable action in Europe and
9th Marquess of Tweedale, Arthur Hay, b.1824, a.1876, d.1878
Son of the 8th Marquess and Lady Susan Montagu (b.1797, d.1870), daughter of William Montagu, 5th Duke of Manchester. He joined the Grenadier Guards as a Lieutenant in 1841 and reached the rank of Captain in 1846, and was then promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel in 1854 and Colonel in 1860, before transferring to the 17th Lancers. He was a keen ornithologist and was President of the Zoological Society of London from 1868. He had no children.
10th Marquess of Tweeddale, William Montagu Hay, b.1826, a.1878, d.1911
Younger brother of the 9th Marquess. In 1881 he was created 1st
Baron Tweeddale of Yester in the Peerage of the
11th Marquess of Tweeddale, William George Montagu Hay, b.1884, a.1911, d.1967
Son of the 10th Marquess and Candida Louise Bartolucci (b.?, d.1925).
12th Marquess of Tweeddale, David George Montagu Hay, b.1921, a.1967, d.1979
Nephew of the 11th Marquess, being a son of his younger brother Lieutenant-Colonel Lord Edward Douglas John Hay (b.1888, d.1944) and Violet Florence Catherine Barclay (b.?, d.1926).
13th Marquess of Tweeddale, Edward Douglas John Hay, b.1947, a.1979, d.2005
Son of the 12th Marquess and Sonia Mary Peake (b.1924), daughter of Osbert Peake, 1st Viscount Ingleby.
14th Marquess of Tweeddale, Charles David Montagu Hay, b.1947, a.2005
Younger twin brother of the 13th Marquess. As well as being 14th Marquess, he is also 15th Earl of Tweeddale, 13th Earl of Gifford, 13th Viscount of Walden, 22nd Lord Hay of Yester and 5th Baron Tweeddale.
The courtesy title for the heir is Viscount Walden.
(Last updated: 09/01/2010)