Lords Lindsay of the Byres (1445)


1st Lord Lindsay, John Lindsay, b.b.1414, a.1445, d.1482


Sir William Lindsay of Abercorn and the Byres (b.?, d.C.1393) was a younger brother of Sir Alexander Lindsay of Glenesk, father of David Lindsay, 1st Earl of Crawford. He married Christian Mure, daughter of Sir William Mure of Abercorn. Their son William Lindsay of the Byres (b.b.1366, d.1414) married Christian Keith, daughter of Sir William Keith, daughter of William Keith, Marischal of Scotland, and their son John Lindsay was raised to the peerage as 1st Lord Lindsay of the Byres. Held hostage for the ransom of King James I in 1424, he later became a Privy Counsellor and served as a Commissioner to England. He was Justiciar of Scotland North of the Forth from 1457 to 1466


2nd Lord Lindsay, David Lindsay, b.b.1482, a.1482, d.1490


Son of the 1st Lord and Agnes Stewart (b.b.1430, d.?), daughter of Sir Robert Stewart, 1st Lord Lorn. He fought at the Battle of Sauchieburn on the side of James III, lending him the horse that later threw his majesty, leading to the King’s death. He had no children.


3rd Lord Lindsay, John Lindsay, b.b.1482, a.1490, d.a.1496


Younger brother of the 2nd Lord.


4th Lord Lindsay, Patrick Lindsay, b.b.1482, a.c.1496, d.1526


Younger brother of the 2nd and 3rd Lords. He was a practicing Advocate who successfully pleaded the case of his older brother after the Battle of Sauchieburn, only to be punished for his skills by being imprisoned for a year in Rothesay Castle by King James IV. He survived Flodden and was appointed as one of the four advisors to Queen Margaret. He was made Sheriff of Fife in 1525.


5th Lord Lindsay, John Lindsay, b.b.1525, a.1526, d.1563


Grandson of the 4th Lord and Isabella Pitcairn, and son of Sir John Lindsay, Master of Lindsay (b.b.1510, d.1525) and Elizabeth Lundie, daughter of Sir Robert Lundie, High Treasurer of Scotland. He followed his grandfather as Sheriff of Fife and was made an Extraordinary Lord of Session in 1532. He was appointed as a Guardian to the young Mary Queen of Scots in 1542. He fought at the Battle of Ancram Muir in 1544 and was made a Privy Counsellor in 1545. In 1559, he mediated between the French troops that had arrived in support of Mary and the soldiers of the Congregation, and the following ear was present at the Convention that abolished papal supremacy.


6th Lord Lindsay, Patrick Lindsay, b.b.1557, a.1563, d.1589


Son of the 5th Lord and Lady Helen Stewart (b.?, d.1577), daughter of John Stewart, 2nd Earl of Atholl. While still young he pitted himself against the Catholic associations of the young Queen. He fought at the Battle of Corrichie in 1563 and was made a Privy Counsellor in 1565. As one of the foremost Reformers and a Lord of Congregation, he was opposed to Queen Mary and was the leader of group, along with James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton, the future Regent, who murdered her secretary Rizzio. He took to the field against her at Carberry Hill and would have fought Bothwell in single combat but for the Queen’s intervention. After her surrender he was placed in charge of her detention at Lochleven Castle and was one of those who forced Mary to surrender the Crown. He fought again at the Battle of Langside and was a scourge of the Queen’s men in the weeks afterwards. He later turned away from Morton and was instrumental in that man’s fall from grace. He was involved in the Raid of Ruthven in 1582 and after the King’s escape, he fled to England. After his return he was held in Tantallon Castle on suspicion of being involved in the Gowrie Conspiracy, and on his release effectively retired from public affairs.


7th Lord Lindsay, James Lindsay, b.b.1573, a.1589, d.1601


Son of the 6th Lord and Euphemia Douglas (b.b.1547, d.?), sister of William Douglas, the 6th Earl of Morton. He was invested as a Privy Counsellor in 1593/4. A staunch Protestant, he was one of the chief supporters of the King’s suppression of the Catholic lords in the north-east in 1593.


8th Lord Lindsay, John Lindsay, b.b.1589, a.1601, d.1609


Son of the 7th Lord and Euphemia Leslie (b.b.1565, d.?), daughter of Andrew Leslie, 5th Earl of Rothes. He was made a Privy Counsellor in 1605. His daughter Ann Lindsay married Alexander Falconer, 1st Lord Falconer of Halkertoun. On his death, the estate of the Byres was sold to Thomas Hamilton, 1st Earl of Haddington.


9th Lord Lindsay, Robert Lindsay, b.b.1581, a.1609, d.1616


Brother of the 8th Lord. He was invested as a Privy Counsellor in 1610.


10th Lord Lindsay, John Lindsay, b.c.1611, a.1616, d.1678


Son of the 9th Lord and Lady Christian Hamilton (b.1588-1594, d.1628), daughter of Sir Thomas Hamilton, 1st Earl of Haddington. In 1633 he was created 1st Earl of Lindsay and 1st Lord Parbroath.



Earls of Lindsay (1633)


1st Earl of Lindsay, John Lindsay, b.c.1611, a.1633, d.1678


He was made a Privy Counsellor in 1641 and held the office of High Treasurer of Scotland. In 1644 he succeeded as 17th Earl of Crawford in an amended re-granting of that title, presumably negotiated by King Charles I in order to maintain his support during testing times. He took part in the Engagement for the rescue of King Charles I and was captured and imprisoned in the Tower of London and Windsor Castle until the Restoration. He was made a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1663.


The earldoms of Crawford and Lindsay continued to be united until the death of the 22nd Earl of Crawford and 6th of Lindsay in 1808, when the Crawford title became temporarily dormant. The Crawford title was eventually claimed by the earls of Balcarres, whereas the earldom of Lindsay passed to the Lindsays of Kirkforthar, a branch created by David Lindsay, younger brother of the 5th Lord Lindsay. This line also died out and the title transferred to the Lindsays of Wormiston, a branch created by William Lindsay, a younger son of the 4th Lord.


2nd Earl of Lindsay, William Lindsay, b.1644, a.1678, d.1698


Son of the 1st Earl and Lady Margaret Hamilton (b.?, d.1678), daughter of Sir James Hamilton, 2nd Marquess of Hamilton. He was made a Privy Counsellor in 1690 and was Lord President of the Council from 1689 to 1693.


3rd Earl of Lindsay, John Lindsay, b.c.1672, a.1698, d.1713-1714


Son of the 2nd Earl and Lady Mary Johnstone (b.1652, d.?), daughter of James Johnstone, 1st Earl of Annandale and Hartfell. A Privy Counsellor from 1702, he advanced through the ranks of the British Army, becoming Lieutenant-General in 1710, and was a Representative Peer from 1707 to 1710.


4th Earl of Lindsay, John Lindsay, b.1702, a.1713, d.1749


Son of the 3rd Earl and Emilia Stewart (b.?, d.1711), daughter of James Stewart, Lord Doune (eldest son of Alexander Stewart, 5th Earl of Moray). Educated at the University of Glasgow and the Vaudeuil Military Academy in Paris, he was invested as a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1732 and was a Gentleman of the Bedchamber to the Prince of Wales in 1733. He reached the rank of Captain in the Scots Guards in 1734 and was Adjutant-General from 1739 to 1743. He was Colonel of the 43rd Foot Regiment (Black Watch) from 1739 to 1740, of the 2nd Horse Troop, Grenadier Guards, from 1740 to 1743 and of the 4th Horse Troop, Grenadier Guards, from 1743 to 1746. He fought at the Battle of Dettingen in 1743 and reached the rank of Brigadier-General in 1744. He fought at the Battle of Fontenoy early in 1745 and reached the rank of Major-General before returning to fight against the Jacobites during the Uprising. He was Colonel of the 25th Foot Regiment from 1746 to 1747 and of the 2nd Dragoons (Scots Greys) from 1747 to 1749, reaching the rank of Lieutenant-General in 1747. He also served as a Representative Peer from 1732 until his death. He married Lady Jean Murray (b.?, d.1747), daughter of James Murray, 2nd Duke of Atholl, but they had no children and his titles passed to a distant relative.



Viscounts Garnock (1703)


1st Viscount Garnock, John Lindsay, b.1669, a.1703, d.1709


Son of Patrick Crawford (born Lindsay) (b.?, d.1680), younger brother of the 2nd Earl of Lindsay, and Margaret Crawfurd (b.?, d.1680), daughter of Sir John Crawfurd, 1st Baronet Crawfurd of Kilbirnie. He was an MP for Ayrshire from 1693 to 1703, and was raised to the peerage as 1st Viscount Garnock and 1st Lord Kilbirnie and Drumry, these titles replacing slightly earlier ones of 1st Viscount of Mount Crawford and 1st Lord Kilbirnie, Kingsburn and Drumry.


2nd Viscount Garnock, Patrick Lindsay-Crawford, b.1697, a.1709, d.1735


Son of the 1st Viscount and Margaret Stuart  (b.?, d.1738), daughter of Sir James Stuart, 1st Earl of Bute.


3rd Viscount Garnock, John Lindsay, b.c.1722, a.1735, d.1738


Son of the 2nd Viscount and Margaret Home.


4th Viscount Garnock, George Lindsay-Crawford, b.1729, a.1738, d.1781


Younger brother of the 3rd Viscount. In 1749 he succeeded as 21st Earl of Crawford and 5th Earl of Lindsay.



Earls of Lindsay (1633, continued)


5th Earl of Lindsay, George Lindsay-Crawford, b.1729, a.1749, d.1781


He reached the rank of Lieutenant in the British Army and fought in Holland.


6th Earl of Lindsay, George Lindsay-Crawford, b.1758, a1781, d.1808


Son of the 5th Earl and Jean Hamilton (b.c.1735, d.1809). He joined the Army in 1776 and was Colonel of the 2nd Battalion, 71st Foot Regiment, from 1782 to 1783 and of the 63rd Foot Regiment from 1789 to 1808, reaching the rank of Major-General in 1805. He was Lord-Lieutenant of Fife from 1794 to 1808. When he died the principal male line of Lindsay became extinct. The Crawford titles became dormant and were eventually obtained by the earls of Balcarres, whereas the Lindsay titles passed to descendants of the 4th Lord Lindsay of the Byres.


7th Earl of Lindsay, David Lindsay, b.b.1766, a.1808, d.1809


The 7th Earl de jure, although he may well not have been made aware of his elevation, descended in an unbroken line of 8 generations from David Lindsay of Kirkforthar (b.b.1525, d.1592), a younger brother of the 5th Lord Lindsay of the Byres. He married Helen Crichton. Their son John Lindsay (b.b.1583, d.1599) married Marjory Pitcairn. Their son Patrick Lindsay (b.b.1574, d.1638) married Helen Orme. Their son David Lindsay (b.b.1593, d.?) married Elizabeth Bethune. Their son David Lindsay (b.b.1606, d.c.1672) married Jean Pitcairn, daughter of Henry Pitcairn of that Ilk. Their son David Lindsay (b.b.1654, d.c.1714) married Elizabeth Pearson. Their son John Lindsay (b.b.1700, d.c.1740) married Catherine Seton. Their son John Lindsay (b.b.1750, d.a.1766), wife unknown, was the father of David Lindsay, who inherited the earldom and the subsidiary titles of 7th Lord Parbroath, 16th Lord Lindsay of the Byres, 6th Viscount Garnock and 6th Lord Kilbirny and Drumry, the last two being former titles of the earls of Crawford. He died shortly after inheriting the title, with no direct heir.


8th Earl of Lindsay, Patrick Lindsay, b.1778, a.1809, d.1839


The 8th Earl de jure, whose claim to the title was in process when he died, descended from a branch of the previous earl’s family. Patrick Lindsay (b.b.1574, d.1638), mentioned above, had a younger son James Lindsay (b.b.1614, d.?). His son Patrick Lindsay (b.b.1630, d.a.1646) married Beatrice Daes. Their son, the Reverend Patrick Lindsay (b.b.1686, d.?), married Janet Lindsay. Their son Patrick Lindsay (b.b.1702, d.1753), Lord Provost of Edinburgh, married Margaret Monteir. Their second son (their first son, Patrick Lindsay of Eaglescairne (b.c.1719, d.1801) having only daughters) Lieutenant-Colonel John Lindsay (b.b.1760, d.1780) married Margaret Maria Craigie Halkett, and their son inherited the title. He reached the rank of Major-General in 1837 and was invested as a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in 1838. Astonishingly, he also died without issue.


9th Earl of Lindsay, Henry Bethune, b.1787, a.1839, d.1851


The title was again dormant until 1878, when the House of Lords recognised John Trotter Bethune as the rightful heir and backdating the inheritance to include his father Henry Bethune in the sequence of earls. The 9th Earl de jure descended from William Lindsay of Pyotstone (b.b.1522, d.a.1539), third son of Patrick Lindsay, 4th Lord Lindsay of the Byres mentioned above. He married Isabel Logan (d.c.1562). Their son John Lindsay (b.b.1539, d.c.1580) married Janet Williamson. Their son Patrick Lindsay of Wolmerston (b.1571, d.1625) was twice-married, and sources disagree as to which of the two wives provided heirs, either Margaret Lundie or Elizabeth Arnot. He was father of John Lindsay (b.b.1625, d.1667), who married Elspeth Lentran. Their son Patrick Lindsay (b.b.1642, d.?) married Catherine Bethune. Their son John Lindsay (b.?, d.1715) married Margaret Haliburton. Their son George Lindsay (b.b.1706, d.1764) married Margaret Bethune. Their son Henry Lindsay-Bethune (b.1736, d.1819) married Margaret Eccles (b.?, d.1823). Their son Major Martin Eccles Lindsay-Bethune (b.?, d.1813) married Margaret Augusta Tovey, and their son inherited the Lindsay titles. He had previously been a soldier of fortune and fought for the Shah of Persia. He was created 1st Baronet Bethune of Kilconquhar in the baronetage of the United Kingdom in 1836.


10th Earl of Lindsay, John Trotter Lindsay, b.1827, a.1851, d.1894


Son of the 9th Earl and Coutts Trotter (b.?, d.1877). He reached the rank of Lieutenant in the 91st Highland Regiment and was a Representative Peer from 1885 to 1894. On his death, the 9th Earl had no other male descendents available to inherit and so the UK baronetcy became extinct.


11th Earl of Lindsay, David Clarke Ayton-Lindsay, b.1832, a.1894, d.1917


Henry Lindsay Bethune mentioned above, grandfather of the 9th Earl, had a younger brother Patrick Lindsay of Coats (b.1745, d.1823). His son, by wife unknown, David Lindsay (b.1798, d.1872) married Jane Emilia Ayton (b.?, d.1872), and their son became the next earl. He changed his surname to Bethune when he succeeded.


12th Earl of Lindsay, Reginald Lindsay-Bethune, b.1867, a.1917, d.1939


Son of the 11th Earl and Emily Marian Crosse (b.?, d.1920). He fought in the Boer War and First World War and reached the rank of Major. He was a Representative Peer from 1917 to 1939. He married but had no children.


13th Earl of Lindsay, Archibald Lionel Bethune, b.1872, a.1939, d.1943


Younger brother of the 12th Earl.


14th Earl of Lindsay, William Tucker Lindsay-Bethune, b.1901, a.1943, d.1985


Son of the 13th Earl and Ethel Tucker (b.?, d.1942). He reached the rank of Major in the Scots Guards and was wounded during the Second World War. He was a Representative Peer from 1947 to 1959 and was admitted into the Royal Company of Archers. He was also invested as a Knight of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem (K.St.J.).


15th Earl of Lindsay, David Lindsay-Bethune, b.1926, a.1985, d.1989


Son of the 14th Earl and Marjory Cross. Educated at Eton and Magdalen College Cambridge, he served in the Scots Guards, reaching the rank of Major in 1951. He was Honorary Colonel of the Fife and Forfar Yeomanry from 1957 to 1962. He was admitted to the Royal Company of Archers in 1960 and invested as an Officer of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem (O.St.J.).


16th Earl of Lindsay, James Randolph Lindsay-Bethune, b.1955, a.1989


Son of the 15th Earl and Mary-Clare Douglas-Scott-Montagu (b.1928), daughter of John Walter Edward Douglas-Scott-Montagu, 2nd Baron Montagu of Beaulieu. Educated at Eton, Edinburgh University and the University of California at Davis, he was a Lord-in-Waiting in 1995 and Under-Secretary in the Scottish Office from 1995 to 1997. He is currently an Elected Representative in the House of Lords. As well as being 16th Earl, he is also 25th Lord Lindsay of the Byres, 16th Lord Parbroath, 15th Viscount of Garnock and 15th Lord Kilbirny & Drumry.



The courtesy title for the heir is Viscount Garnock.


(Last updated: 19/08/2011)


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