Earls of Queensberry (1633)
1st Earl of Queensberry, William Douglas, b.?, a.1633, d.1640
William Douglas was the 9th Baron of Drumlanrig, in direct descent from the 1st Baron of Drumlanrig, another William Douglas, who was an illegitimate son of James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Douglas. This branch of the family had fought for their King through the generations, even taking the Royal side against the last earls of Douglas. He was raised to the Peerage in 1628 as 1st Viscount Drumlanrig and 1st Lord Douglas of Hawick and Tibberis, and was created 1st Earl of Queensberry by a visiting King Charles I in 1633, the name deriving from the mountain of Queensberry in Dumfries-shire.
2nd Earl of Queensberry, James Douglas, b.b.1622, a.1640, d.1671
Son of the 1st Earl and Isabel Kerr (b.?, d.1628), daughter of Mark Kerr, 1st Earl of Lothian. A supporter of Charles I during the Civil Wars, he was captured by the Covenanters in 1645 and forced to pay a fine for his release, and further fined during Cromwell’s Act of Grace and Pardon.
3rd Earl of Queensberry, William Douglas, b.1637, a.1671, d.1695
Son of the 2nd Earl and his second wife Lady Margaret Stewart, daughter of John Stewart, 1st Earl of Traquair. He served as Sheriff of Dumfries from 1664 to 1667, when he was made a Privy Counsellor. He was Lord Justice General from 1680 to 1682, when he was created 1st Marquess of Queensberry, 1st Earl of Drumlanrig & Sanquhar, 1st Viscount of Nith, Torthorwald & Ross, and 1st Lord Douglas of Kinmont, Middlebie & Dornoch. He was also made an Extraordinary Lord of Session in 1681.
Marquesses of Queensberry (1682)
1st Marquess of Queensberry, William Douglas, as above
He was Lord High Treasurer of Scotland from 1682 to 1686. He was also installed as Constable and Governor of Edinburgh Castle. In 1684 he was created 1st Duke of Queensberry and 1st Marquess of Drumfries-shire.
Dukes of Queensberry (1684)
1st Duke of Queensberry, William Douglas, as above
He was Lord President of the Privy Council from 1686 to 1689, and in 1685 he was made a Privy Counsellor in England as well as Scotland. He was however removed from office in 1687 for maladministration.
2nd Duke of Queensberry, James Douglas, b.1662, a.1695, d.1711
Son of the 1st Duke and Lady Isabel Douglas (b.c.1642),
daughter of William Douglas, 1st Marquess of Douglas (for whom see
the earls of Angus). Educated at the University of
Glasgow, he was made a Privy Counsellor in 1684 after his return from a Grand
Tour of the Continent, and was Lieutenant-Colonel of the Dundee Horse Regiment.
However he joined Prince William in 1688, and was appointed as a Privy
Counsellor and Gentleman of the Bedchamber, and Colonel in the 6th
(Scottish) Horse Guards and He was Lord
High Treasurer of Scotland from 1693 and Keeper of the Privy Seal from 1695 to
1702, and Lord High Commissioner to the Scottish Parliament, obtaining the
abandonment of the Darien scheme while in this position. He was made a Knight
of the Garter in 1701. He temporarily withdrew from the Government due to
association with the Jacobite cause, but returned in 1705 to take up the Privy
Seal, and was instrumental in obtaining the Treaty of Union. He was then
Secretary of State for
Marquesses of Queensberry (1682, continued)
3rd Marquess of Queensberry, James Douglas, b.1697, a.1706, d.1715
Eldest son of the 2nd Duke and Mary Boyle (see below). He became violently insane, infamous for murdering a young servant and roasting him on a spit at the age of 10, and so in 1706 a re-grant of the dukedom was obtained that excluded him from the succession. When he died, the marquessate also reverted to his younger brother.
Dukes of Queensberry (1684, continued)
3rd Duke of Queensberry, Charles Douglas, b.c.1698, a.1711, d.1778
Son of the 2nd Duke and Mary Boyle (b.?, d.1709), daughter of
Charles Boyle, 2nd Baron Clifford of Lanesborough, himself son of
Sir Richard Boyle, 2nd Earl of the
4th Duke of Queensberry, William Douglas, b.1725, a.1778, d.1810
Great-grandson of the 1st Marquess, grandson of William Douglas, 1st Earl of March and son of William Douglas, 2nd Earl of March and Anne Hamilton, Countess of Ruglen. Prior to succeeding to the dukedom, he had also become 3rd Earl of March and, separately, 3rd Earl of Ruglen, in his own right, and after succeeding to the dukedom was also created 1st Baron Douglas of Amesbury in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1786. He was Lord of the Bedchamber to George III, but during the King’s illness of 1788 he advocated a Regency to support the Prince of Wales as the new sovereign. When the King recovered, this was not well received and he was dismissed. He later stripped the woodlands around his castles of Drumlanrig and Neidpath in order to fund the marriage of his illegitimate daughter to the Earl of Yarmouth, incurring the wrath of both Robert Burns and William Wordsworth for his destruction. He was, however, a patron of the arts, though he was also known for his excessive lifestyle, having a keen interest in horse-racing and being a member of the Hellfire Club. When he died without legitimate heir, his titles were dispersed according to the various rules of succession. The earldom of March passed to David Wemyss, 4th Earl of Wemyss, the earldom and marquessate of Queensberry passed to a direct descendant of the 1st Earl of Queensberry, for which see below, (though the marquessate’s lesser titles remained with the dukedom) and the dukedom passed to Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch.
5th Duke of Queensberry, Henry Scott, b.1746, a.1810, d.1812
Henry Scott had become the 3rd Duke of Buccleuch in 1751 and succeeded to the Queensberry dukedom by virtue of the fact that his paternal grandmother was Lady Jane Douglas (b.1701, d.1729), daughter of James Douglas, the 2nd Duke of Queensberry.
For a continuation of the line of Duke of Queensberry please consult the Buccleuch page.
1st Baronet Douglas, James Douglas, b.1639, a.1668, d.1708
Son of Sir William Douglas (b.?, d.1673), the 2nd Earl’s younger brother, and Agnes Fawside.
2nd Baronet Douglas, William Douglas, b.?, a.1708, d.1733
Son of the 1st Baronet and Catherine Douglas, daughter of James Douglas, 2nd Earl of Queensberry.
3rd Baronet Douglas, John Douglas, b.?, a.1733, d.1778
Son of the 2nd Baronet and Helen Erskine (b.?, d.1754). He was MP for Dumfries from 1741 but held in the Tower of London on suspicion of being a Jacobite until 1748.
4th Baronet Douglas, William Douglas, b.?, a.1778, d.1783
Son of the 3rd Baronet and Christian Cunningham (b.?, d.1741), daughter of Sir William Cunningham, 2nd Baronet Cunningham of Caprington. He was MP for the Dumfries Burghs.
5th Baronet Douglas, Charles Douglas, b.1777, a.1783, d.1837
Son of the 4th Baronet and Grace Johnstone (b.?, d.1836). In 1810 he succeeded as 6th Marquess of Queensberry.
Marquesses of Queensberry (1682 continued)
6th Marquess of Queensberry, Charles Douglas, b.1777, a.1810, d.1837
From 1812 to 1832 he served as a Representative Peer, and in 1821 was invested as a Knight of the Thistle. In 1833 he was created 1st Baron Solway of Kinmount, in the County of Dumfries, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, allowing him an automatic seat in the House of Lords. He married Caroline Scott (b.?, d.1854), daughter of Henry Scott, 3rd Duke of Buccleuch & 5th Duke of Queensberry, and had a large family of at least eight girls. The barony became extinct on his death.
7th Marquess of Queensberry, John Douglas, b.1779, a.1837, d.1856
Younger brother of the 6th Marquess. He was made a Lord of the Bedchamber in 1835. He also attended the House of Lords after his succession and was a Whig Lord-in-Waiting from 1837 to 1841. He was also Lord-Lieutenant of Dumfries-shire from 1837 to 1856.
8th Marquess of Queensberry, Archibald William Douglas, b.1818, a.1856, d.1858
Son of the 7th Marquess and Sarah Douglas (b.?, d.1864), daughter of Major James Sholto Douglas, and a second cousin. Educated at Eton, he was a Cornet in the 2nd Life Guards before becoming MP for Dumfries-shire in 1847, and was made a Privy Counsellor in 1853, becoming Comptroller of the Household until 1856, when he succeeded his father. He was Lord-Lieutenant of Dumfries-shire from 1856 to 1858. He died while hunting when his gun exploded, but this story was perhaps to cover his suicide.
9th Marquess of Queensberry, John Sholto Douglas, b.1844, a.1858, d.1900
Son of the 8th Marquess and Caroline Margaret Clayton (b.?,
d.1904), daughter of General Sir William Robert Clayton, 5th Baronet
Clayton of Marden. He was born in
10th Marquess of Queensberry, Percy Sholto Douglas, b.1868, a.1900, d.1920
Son of the 9th Marquess and Sibyl
11th Marquess of Queensberry, Francis Archibald Kelhead Douglas, b.1896, a.1920, d.1954
Son of the 10th Marquess and Anna Maria Walters (b.1866, d.1917). He was a Representative Peer from 1922 to 1929.
12th Marquess of Queensberry, David Harrington Angus Douglas, b.1929, a.1954
Son of the 11th Marquess and Cathleen Sabine Mann (b.?, d.1959), daughter of the artist Harrington Mann and noted interior designer Dolly Mann. He was educated at Eton before joining the Royal Horse Guards. He chose to work in the pottery industry and was Professor of Ceramics at the Royal College of Art from 1959 to 1983. He was also President of the Design and Industry Association from 1976 to 1978 and was made a Fellow of the Chartered Society of Designers. As well as being 12th Marquess, he is also 11th Earl of Queensberry, 11th Viscount Drumlanrig and 11th Lord Douglas of Hawick and Tibbers.
The courtesy title for the heir is Viscount Drumlanrig.
(Last updated: 17/06/2011)