Lords of Parliament

 

The following is a comprehensive list of all extant and extinct hereditary titles of Lord of Parliament in the Peerage of Scotland. It includes titles later to become subsidiary when the holder was elevated, or succeeded, to an higher rank of the peerage (in every case an earldom). In this case, the full list of prior holders of the lordship can be found in the related hyperlink. It also includes titles created as subsidiary at the time when an higher rank was created. In every case where the title has not been superseded but is either extant or extinct, the intention is to create an article for reference.

 

As opposed to the English equivalent of Baron, which was quickly established by the Normans as the principal instrument of their brand of feudalism, the rank of Lord of Parliament was not created until c.1435 (although there is a case for the Lords Seton in 1371) in order to formalise attendance at Parliament. Before this time, Parliament was attended by senior state functionaries, the earls and various independent territorial lords whose power could not be denied, and as dictated by the circumstances.

 

Many earls and lords of parliament in the Peerage of Scotland also have titles in the Peerages of Great Britain or the United Kingdom. These were normally provided to allow automatic privileges in the House of Lords beyond the twelve elected Representative Peers allowed by the 1707 Act of Union. A full list of such titles is beyond the scope of these pages. Years in brackets refer to the first occurrence of the title and not any regrants or reaffirmations.

 

Lords Aberbrothwick (1608) extinct lordship created for the 2nd Marquess of Hamilton, but not transferred between the 1st Duke and his brother when the latter became the 2nd Duke

Lords Abercorn (1603) a subsidiary title of the earls of Abercorn

Lords Abercrombie (1647) extinct lordship

Lords Aberdour (1457) a subsidiary title of the earls of Morton

Lords Abernethy & Jedburgh Forest (1633) a subsidiary title of the marquesses of Douglas (for whom see the earls of Angus), now held by the dukes of Hamilton

Lords Abernethy & Strathearn (1562) a subsidiary title of the earls of Moray

Lords Aberruthven, Mugdock and Fintrie (1707) subsidiary title of the Duke of Montrose

Lords Aboyne (1627) extinct lordship created for John Gordon, 1st Viscount Melgum, a younger brother of the 2nd Marquess of Huntly

Lords Altrie (1587) a lordship inherited by the 5th Earl Marischal but not continued beyond him

Lords Ardmannoch (1481) originally a subsidiary lordship of the Stewart earls of Ross, this was re-used several times as a royal title given to a younger brother of the king

Lords Aston of Forfar (1627) extinct lordship created for the Englishman William Aston, Baronet of Tixall Hall in Staffordshire

Lords Auchmotie & Caskieberry (1680) a lordship created for the 1st Duke of Rothes, which became extinct at his death

Lords Auchterhouse (1469) a subsidiary title of the earls of Buchan

Lords Avandale (1457) also spelled as Avondale, an extinct lordship of the Stewarts

Lords Aven (1599) a subsidiary title of the Duke of Hamilton

Lords Badenoch, Lochaber, Strathavon, Balmore, Auchidon, Garthie & Kincardine a subsidiary title of the dukes of Gordon (for whom see the earls of Huntly)

Lords Balfour of Burleigh (1607) existing lordship

Lords Balgonie (1641) a subsidiary title of the earls of Leven

Lords Balmerinoch (1606) extinct lordship of the Elphinstone family

Lords Balneil (1651) a subsidiary title of the earls of Balcarres, now itself twinned with that of Crawford

Lords Balvaird (1641) existing lordship which succeeded to the title of Viscounts Stormont, who are also the earls of Mansfield

Lords Balveny (1437) a subsidiary title created for James Douglas, 1st Earl of Avondale, for whom see the earls of Douglas

Lords Banff (1642) extinct lordship of the Ogilvy family

Lords Bargeny (1639) extinct lordship of the Hamilton family

Lords Barrett of Newburgh (1628) lordship created for Edward Barrett, and English politician, when he was made a Privy Counsellor. He later became Chancellor of the Exchequer, but had no children and the title became extinct

Lords Belhaven & Stenton (1647) existing lordship of the Hamilton family

Lords Bellenden of Broughton (1661) lordship that became extinct or dormant when the 7th holder succeeded as 4th Duke of Roxburghe

Lords Berriedale (1455) a subsidiary title of the earls of Caithness

Lords Binning (1613) a subsidiary title of the earls of Melrose, the earldom was relinquished in exchange for the title of earl of Haddington but the lordship preserved

Lords Blantyre (1606) extinct Stewart lordship

Lords Borthwick (1438) existing lordship

Lords Bothwell (1485) lordship created for John Ramsay (b.b.1464, d.1513), a favourite of King James III. He was forfeited in 1488 but continued to be involved in Scottish politics. He died at Flodden

Lords Boyd of Kilmarnock (1454) ancient lordship, later raised as the earls of Kilmarnock before being forfeited

Lords Boyle of Kelburn (1697) a subsidiary title of the earls of Glasgow

Lords Boyle of Stewartoun (1703) a subsidiary title of the earls of Glasgow

Lords Brechin & Navar (1481) originally a subsidiary lordship of the Stewart earls of Ross, the estates were eventually purchased by Patrick Maule, and the title became a subsidiary of the earls of Panmure when he was elevated to the peerage

Lords Bruce of Kinloss (1608) − a subsidiary title of the earls of Elgin, now held by the earls of Kincardine

Lords Bruce of Torry (1647) a subsidiary title of the earls of Kincardine

Lords Burntisland (1672) life peerage given to Sir James Wemyss, husband of Margaret, Countess of Wemyss

Lords Byres & Binning (1619) a subsidiary title of the earls of Melrose, the earldom was relinquished in exchange for the title of earl of Haddington but the lordship preserved

Lords Campbell of Loudoun (1601) a subsidiary title of the earls of Loudoun

Lords Cardross (1610) originally a title given to the Erskine earls of Mar, this is now held by the earls of Buchan due to a special remainder of the rules of succession

Lords Carlyle of Torthorwald (1473) extinct lordship surrendered when the 6th Lord sold his estates to William Douglas, 1st Earl of Queensberry

Lords Carmichael (1647) a subsidiary title of the earls of Hyndford

Lords Carnegie of Kinnaird (1633) a subsidiary title of the earls of Southesk

Lords Carye (1620) a subsidiary title of the viscounts of Falkland

Lords Cathcart (1452) lordship later raised as the earls Cathcart

Lords Churchill of Eyemouth (1682) lordship created for John Churchill, close ally of James, Duke of York, who went on to become James VII, although having no connection with Scotland. He would later become 1st Duke of Marlborough, and though the Scottish lordship became extinct on his death, his English titles passed to his daughter

Lords Clermont & Fettercairn (1656) a subsidiary title of the earls of Middleton, now forfeit

Lords Cochrane of Paisley & Ochiltree (1669) a subsidiary title of the earls of Dundonald

Lords Colville of Culross (1604) existing lordship

Lords Colville of Ochiltree (1651) extinct lordship

Lords Colyear (1703) a subsidiary title of the earls of Portmore

Lords Coupar (1607) extinct Elphinstone lordship

Lords Cramond (1628) extinct lordship, notable that it is the only one created for a woman

Lords Cranstoun (1609) extinct lordship

Lords Crichton (c.1443) extinct lordship

Lords Crichton of Cumnock (1633) a subsidiary title of the earls of Dumfries

Lords Crichton of Sanquhar (1488) lordship later raised as the earls of Dumfries

Lords Daer & Shortcleuch (1646) a subsidiary title of the earls of Selkirk

Lords (of) Dalkeith (1387) see the earls of Morton

Lords Dalmeny (1703) a subsidiary title of the earls of Rosebery

Lords Darnley (1473) formerly a subsidiary title of the Stewart earls of Lennox, the earldom thereof is now a subsidiary title of the dukes of Lennox

Lords Dechmont (1696) a subsidiary title of the earls of Orkney

Lords Dingwall (1609) existing lordship that passed to the Irish dukes of Ormonde, then the earls Cowper, then the Barons Lucas of Crudwell

Lords Dirletoun (c.1440) lordship inherited by the earls of Gowrie, now extinct

Lords Drummond (sometime of Cargill) (1488) lordship later raised as the earls of Perth

Lords Drummond of Cromlix (1686) a subsidiary title of the viscounts of Strathallan, for whom see the earls of Perth

Lords Drummond of Gilliestoun (1685) a subsidiary title of the viscounts of Melfort, now extinct

Lords Drummond of Riccarton, Castlemains & Galstoun (1686) a subsidiary title of the earls of Melfort, now extinct

Lords Drummond of Stobhall (1605) a subsidiary title of the earls of Perth

Lords Douglas (1475-1476) a subsidiary title of the Douglas earls of Angus

Lords Douglas of Bonkill, Prestoun & Robertoun (1703) a subsidiary title of the Archibald Douglas, 1st & Last Duke of Douglas (a superior title of the earls of Angus)

Lords Douglas of Ettrick (1675) a subsidiary title of the earls of Dumbarton, now extinct

Lords Douglas of Hawick & Tibbers (1628) a subsidiary title of the earls of Queensberry

Lords Douglas of Kinmont, Middlebie & Dornoch (1682) a subsidiary title of the marquesses of Queensberry

Lords Douglas of Lockerbie, Dalveen & Thornhill (1706) a title created for the 3rd Duke of Queensberry, becoming extinct when he died

Lords Douglas of Neidpath, Lyne & Munard (1697) see the earls of Wemyss

Lords Doune (1581) a Stewart lordship inherited by the earls of Moray

Lords Duffus (1650) extinct lordship

Lords Dunglass (1605) a subsidiary title of the earls of Home

Lords Elcho & Methel (1633) a subsidiary title of the earls of Wemyss

Lords Elibank (1643) existing lordship of the Murray family

Lords Elphinstone (1510) existing lordship

Lords Erskine (1438) lordship later raised as the earls of Mar

Lords Erskine of Dirletoun (1603) a subsidiary title of the earls of Kellie

Lords Fairfax of Cameron (1627) existing lordship

Lords Falconer of Halkertoun (1646) lordship later inheriting the title of the earls of Kintore, now dormant

Lords Fleming (1451) lordship later raised as the earls of Wigton, now extinct

Lords Fleming & Cumbernauld (1606) a subsidiary title of the earls of Wigton

Lords Forbes (1436) existing lordship

Lords Forbes of Pitsligo (1633) lordship extinct due to forfeiture

Lords Forrester (1633) existing lordship, though now a subsidiary title of the earls of Verulam

Lords Fraser of Muchalls (1633) extinct lordship

Lords Fyvie (1598) a subsidiary title of the earls of Dunfermline, now extinct

Lords Garlies (1607) a subsidiary title of the earls of Galloway

Lords Glamis (1445) lordship later raised as the earls of Kinghorne

Lords Glamis, Tannadyce, Sidlaw & Strathditchie (1677) a subsidiary title of the earls of Strathmore and Kinghorne

Lords Glenluce & Stranraer (1690) a subsidiary title of the earls of Stair

Lords Glenurchy, Benederaloch, Ormelie & Wick (1681) a subsidiary title of the earls of Breadalbane

Lords Goldilands (1706) a subsidiary title of the earls of Delorain

Lords Gordon of Badenoch (1599) a subsidiary title of the marquesses of Huntly

Lords Gordon of Strathavon & Glenlivet (1660) a subsidiary title of the earls of Aboyne

Lords Graham (1445) lordship later raised as the earls of Montrose

Lords Graham of Claverhouse (1688) a subsidiary title of the viscounts Dundee, now extinct

Lords Graham of Esk (1681) a subsidiary title of the viscounts Preston, now extinct

Lords Graham of Kinpont (1453) a subsidiary title of the Graham earls of Menteith, now extinct

Lords Gray (1445) existing lordship

Lords Haddo, Mathlic, Tarves & Kellie (1682) a subsidiary title of the earls of Aberdeen

Lords Hailes of Hailes (1452) Hepburn lordship later raised as the earls of Bothwell, now extinct

Lords Hamilton (1445) lordship later raised as the earls of Arran

Lords Hay (1449) lordship later raised as the earls of Erroll

Lords Hay of Kinfauns (1627) a subsidiary title of the earls of Kinnoull

Lords Hay of Yester (1488) lordship later raised as the earls, now marquesses, of Tweeddale

Lords Herries of Terregles (1490) lordship later inheriting the title of the earls of Nithsdale

Lords Hillhouse (1697) a subsidiary title of the earls of Ruglen

Lords Home (1473) lordship later raised as the earls of Home

Lords Hope (1703) a subsidiary title of the earls of Hopetoun

Lords Huntingtower (1643) a subsidiary title of the earls of Dysart

Lords Innermeath (1469) Stewart lordship later raised as the earls of Atholl, now extinct

Lords Innerwick (1638) − lordship created for James Maxwell, a favourite of Charles I, now extinct

Lords Inveraray, Mull, Morvern & Tiree (1701) a subsidiary title of the dukes of Argyll

Lords Inverbervie (1641) a subsidiary title of the viscounts of Arbuthnott

Lords Inverkeithing (1660) a subsidiary title of the earls of Dundee

Lords Jedburgh (1622) lordship later inherited by the earls of Lothian

Lords Johnston of Lochwood (1633) a subsidiary title of the earls of Hartfell, now extinct

Lords Johnston of Lochwood, Lochmaben, Moffatdale & Evandale (1662) a subsidiary title of the earls of Hartfell

Lords Johnston of Lochwood, Lochmaben, Moffatdale & Evandale (1701) a subsidiary title of the marquesses of Annandale, now extinct

Lord Johnston of Lochwood, Moffatdale & Evandale (1643) a subsidiary title of the earls of Hartfell, now extinct

Lords Keith (1451) a subsidiary title of the earls Marischal

Lords Keith of Inverurie & Keith Hall (1677) a subsidiary title of the earls of Kintore

Lords Kennedy (1457) lordship later raised as the earls of Cassillis

Lords Ker of Cessford & Cavertoun (1616) a subsidiary title of the earls of Roxburghe

Lords Kerr of Newbattle (1631) a subsidiary title of the earls of Lothian

Lords Kerr of Newbattle, Oxnam, Jedburgh, Dolphinstoun & Nisbet (1701) a subsidiary title of the marquesses of Lothian

Lords Kerr of Nisbet, Langnewton & Dolphinstoun (1633) a subsidiary title of the earls of Ancram

Lords Kilbirny, Kingsburn & Drumry (1703) a subsidiary title of the viscounts Mount Crawford, almost immediately replaced by the next title

Lords Kilbirny & Drumry (1703) a subsidiary title of the viscounts Garnock, who later succeeded to the earldom of Crawford, but since the split of the Crawford and Lindsay earldoms, now held by see the earls of Lindsay

Lords Kilmaurs (1450) a subsidiary title of the earls of Glencairn

Lords Kincleven (1607) − a subsidiary title of the earls of Carrick in Orkney, now extinct

Lords Kingston & Elbottle (1646) − a subsidiary title of the earls of Dirletoun (for whom see the lords Innerwick), now extinct

Lords Kinloss (1601) a subsidiary title of the earls of Elgin, now held by the earls of Kincardine

Lords Kinnaird of Inchture (1682) recently extinct title

Lords Kintyre (1626) a subsidiary title of the earls of Argyll

Lords Leslie & Ballenbreich (1445) a subsidiary title of the earls of Rothes

Lords Levingston (1660) a subsidiary title of the earls of Newburgh

Lords Lindores (1600) dormant lordship of the Leslie family

Lords Lindsay of Balcarres (1633) lordship later raised as the earls of Balcarres

Lords Lindsay of the Byres (1445) lordship later raised as the earls of Lindsay

Lords Linton & Caberston (1633) a subsidiary title of the earls of Traquair

Lords Livingston (1458) lordship later raised as the earls of Linlithgow, now extinct due to forfeiture

Lords Livingston & Callendar (1600) a subsidiary title of the earls of Linlithgow, now extinct due to forfeiture

Lords Livingston of Almond (1633) a subsidiary title of the earls of Callendar, now extinct due to forfeiture

Lords Livingston & Almond (1641) a subsidiary title of the earls of Callendar, now extinct due to forfeiture

Lords Lochinvar (1633) a subsidiary title of the viscounts Kenmure, now extinct or dormant

Lords Lorn (1439) extinct Stewart lordship

Lords Lorne (1470) a subsidiary title of the earls of Argyll

Lords Lour (1639) a subsidiary title of the earls of Ethie, and with it relinquished in 1662 for the alternative titles of earl of Northesk and Lord Rosehill & Eglismauldie.

Lords Lour & Egglismadie (1647) a subsidiary title of the earls of Ethie, and with it relinquished in 1662 for the alternative titles of earl of Northesk and Lord Rosehill & Eglismauldie.

Lords Lovat (1458) existing Fraser lordship

Lords Lyle (c.1446) extinct lordship

Lords Machansyre & Polmont (1639) a subsidiary title of the earls of Lanark, now held by the dukes of Hamilton

Lords Mackenzie of Kintail (1609) lordship later raised as the earls of Seaforth

Lords Macleod & Castlehaven (1703) a subsidiary title of the earls of Cromartie

Lords Maderty (1609) extinct Drummond lordship, for which see the earls of Perth

Lords Makgill of Cousland (1651) a subsidiary title of the viscounts of Oxfuird

Lords Maitland of Thirlstane (1590) lordship later raised as the earls of Lauderdale

Lords Maxwell (c.1454) lordship later raised as the earls of Nithsdale

Lords Maxwell, Eskdale & Carlyle (1620) a subsidiary title of the earls of Nithsdale

Lords Melville of Monymaill (1616) lordship later raised as the earls of Melville

Lords Methven (1525) extinct lordship of the Stewarts

Lords Montgomerie (1449) lordship later raised as the earls of Eglinton

Lords Mordington (1641) extinct Douglas lordship

Lords Mount Stuart, Cumra & Inchmarnock (1703) a subsidiary title of the earls of Bute

Lords Murray of Blair, Moulin & Tillimet (1686) a subsidiary title of the earls of Dunmore

Lords Murray of Lochmaben (1622) a subsidiary title of the Murray earls of Annandale, now extinct

Lords Murray of Tullibardine (1604) a subsidiary title of the earls of Tullibardine, now held by the dukes of Atholl

Lords Murray of Tyninghame (1625) a subsidiary title of the Murray earls of Annandale, now extinct

Lords Murray, Balvenie & Gask (1676) a subsidiary title of the marquesses of Atholl

Lords Murray, Gask & Balquidder (1606) a subsidiary title of the earls of Tullibardine, now held by the dukes of Atholl

Lords Nairne (1681) existing lordship

Lords Napier of Merchiston (1627) existing lordship

Lords Newark (1661) extinct lordship of the Leslie family

Lords Newbottle (1591) a subsidiary title of the earls of Lothian

Lords Newliston, Glenluce & Stranraer (1703) a subsidiary title of the earls of Stair

Lords Ochiltree (1615) extinct Stewart lordship, the 1st Lord Ochiltree was a son of James Stewart, Earl of Arran

Lords Ogilvy of Airlie (1491) a lordship later raised as the earls of Airlie

Lords Ogilvy of Alith & Lintrathen (1639) a subsidiary title of the earls of Airlie

Lords Ogilvy of Cullen (1698) a subsidiary title of the viscounts of Seafield, now dormant

Lords Ogilvy of Deskford (1616) lordship later raised as the earls of Findlater, now dormant

Lords Ogilvy of Deskford & Cullen (1701) a subsidiary title of the earls of Seafield

Lords Oliphant (1456) extinct lordship

Lords Oronsay, Dunoon & Arase (1706) a subsidiary title created for Archibald Campbell, younger brother of John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll, when he was created 1st Earl of Ilay. He later succeeded his brother as 3rd Duke of Argyll. Having no direct male heir, the lordship became extinct on his death

Lords Paisley (1587) lordship later raised as the earls of Abercorn

Lords Paisley, Hamilton, Mountcashell & Kilpatrick (1606) a subsidiary title of the earls of Abercorn

Lords Parbroath (1633) a subsidiary title of the earls of Lindsay

Lords Pittenweem (1609) a title created for Frederick Stewart that became extinct on his death in 1625

Lords Polwarth (1690) a subsidiary title of the earls of Marchmont

Lords Portmore & Blackness (1699) a subsidiary title of the earls of Portmore

Lords Primrose & Castlefield (1703) a subsidiary title of the viscounts of Primrose (for whom see the earls of Rosebery)

Lords Primrose & Dalmeny (1700) a subsidiary title of the viscounts of Rosebery

Lords Raith, Monymaill & Balwearie (1690) a subsidiary title of the earls of Melville

Lords Ramsay of Barns (1606) a subsidiary title of the viscounts of Haddington, now extinct

Lords Ramsay of Carrington (also spelled Keringtoun) (1633) a subsidiary title of the earls of Dalhousie

Lords Ramsay of Dalhousie (1619) lordship later raised as the earls of Dalhousie

Lords Ramsay of Melrose (1618) old name for the title of Lord Ramsay of Dalhousie (a previous version having been created in 1615 for James Ramsay, 1st Viscount of Haddington and become extinct)

Lords Reay (1628) existing lordship

Lords Rollo of Duncrub (1651) existing lordship

Lords Rosehill & Eglismauldie (1662) a subsidiary title of the earls of Northesk

Lords Ross of Halkhead (1499) extinct lordship

Lords Roxburghe (1600) a subsidiary title of the earls of Roxburghe

Lords Ruthven (1487) lordship later raised as the earls of Gowrie

Lords Ruthven of Ettrick (1640) a subsidiary title of the earls of Forth, now extinct

Lords Ruthven of Freeland (1651) existing lordship, for which see the earls of Gowrie

Lords Saltoun of Abernethy (1445) existing lordship

Lords Sanquhar (1622) a subsidiary title of the viscounts of Air, then the earls of Dumfries and now the marquesses of Bute

Lords Scone (1605) a subsidiary title of the viscounts of Stormont, now a subsidiary title of the earls of Mansfield and Mansfield (sic)

Lords Scott of Buccleuch (1606) lordship later raised as the earls of Buccleuch

Lords Scott of Whitchester & Eskdaill (1619) a subsidiary title of the earls of Buccleuch

Lords Scrymgeour (1641) a subsidiary title of the viscounts of Dudhope, then the earls of Dundee

Lords Sempill (1489) existing lordship

Lords Seton (1371) lordship, the first ever Lord of Parliament created in the Peerage of Scotland, later raised as the earls of Winton, now forfeit

Lords Sinclair (or St Clair) (1449) existing lordship

Lords Slains (1452) a subsidiary title of the earls of Erroll

Lords Somerville (c.1435) extinct lordship

Lords Spynie (1590) extinct Crawford lordship

Lords St Colme (1611) a Stewart lordship inherited by the earls of Moray

Lords Stewart of Ochiltree (1543) extinct Stewart lordship

Lords Stewart of Traquair (1628) a subsidiary title of the earls of Traquair

Lords Tarrinzean & Mauchline (1633) a subsidiary title of the earls of Loudoun

Lords Thirlstane & Boulton (1624) a subsidiary title of the earls of Lauderdale

Lords Torboltoun (1675) a subsidiary title of the dukes of Lennox

Lords Torphichen (1564) existing lordship

Lords Wemyss of Elcho (1628) a subsidiary title of the earls of Wemyss

 

(Last updated: 28/02/2012)

 

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